Civil War

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Civil War

Civil war exists when two or more opposing parties within a country resort to arms to settle a conflict or when a substantial portion of the population takes up arms against the legitimate government of a country. Within International Law distinctions are drawn between minor conflicts like riots, where order is restored promptly, and full-scale insurrections finding opposing parties in political as well as military control over different areas. When an internal conflict reaches sufficient proportions that the interests of other countries are affected, outside states may recognize a state of insurgency. A recognition of insurgency, whether formal or de facto, indicates that the recognizing state regards the insurgents as proper contestants for legitimate power. Although the precise status of insurgents under international law is not well-defined, recognized insurgents traditionally gain the protection afforded soldiers under international rules of law pertaining to war. A state may also decide to recognize the contending group as a belligerent, a status that invokes more well-defined rights and responsibilities. Once recognized as a belligerent party, that party obtains the rights of a belligerent party in a public war, or war between opposing states. The belligerents stand on a par with the parent state in the conduct and settlement of the conflict. In addition, states recognizing the insurgents as belligerents must assume the duties of neutrality toward the conflict.

Cross-references

U.S. Civil War; War.

References in periodicals archive ?
Africa, which has been singled out for special concern (though appalling poverty exists elsewhere) is in fact a very rich continent but has been made poor by debt, unfair trade, colonial exploitation, corruption and endless internecine war.
The plot itself is so involved--and yet so simple--that it is best to account it simply the record (Captain Davenport's record) of the beautiful Creole widow Bressie LaRouche--proud, cultured, cosmopolitan--and the hopeless love of the Confederate colonel Trosler White and the Federal Davenport, a triangular relationship that melds passion, deception, and betrayal in ways that parallel the tragic and bloody internecine war being drawn in its own epic fashion upon the national canvas.
We are told countries on the African continent, despite HIV, famine and internecine war ( have burgeoning populations.
If not for such nuggets of gentle human wisdom and religious tolerance, the central drama of Tierno Bokar's life--the internecine war he inadvertently starts between two Islamic religious factions--would seem absurd.
All this should be good news for a resurgent PRD, which has been crippled by internecine war for a decade.
The only flaw in the plan is the internecine war which has always afflicted right-wing parties and has led to them splintering into so many groups because everyone wants to be in charge.
But the closer the clubs move to internecine war, the greater the fears of the TV firms, some of whom are starting to feel it would be bad business to do a deal with a group that could self-destruct over payouts.
They reveal the killers and the causes in the terrorists' internecine war and examine the legacy of a fractured and divided loyalism.
Plague devastated the Frankish empire and prevented internecine war.
And both periodically break off into sub-cults anathematizing and waging internecine war against wayward brethren.
We find the internecine war over what is and isn't "jazz" and who should define it.
Egypt, suffering the political, economic and social effects of its own fundamentalist backlash, must deplore the internecine war so close to home.