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Interpol is the acronym for the International Criminal Police Organization. It is an international organization of police forces from 176 countries designed to coordinate International Law enforcement. Interpol furthers mutual aid and cooperation among the police forces of its national members in order to prevent and inhibit crime.

Interpol was established in 1923, with the General Secretariat—the international headquarters—located in Lyons, France. Delegates from member countries meet once a year to discuss police problems and admit new members. Each member nation maintains and staffs its own national central bureau. In the United States, the bureau is located in Washington, D.C. The U.S. bureau is under the direction and control of the Departments of Justice and of the Treasury, and is staffed by personnel from those departments.

The General Secretariat is supported by membership dues. Its budget is based on the Swiss franc, since that is a stable currency. Approximately five percent of the total budget is paid by the United States.

Interpol is forbidden by its constitution to undertake any intervention or activities of a political, military, religious, or racial character. Each national central bureau coordinates and responds to inquiries received from local and foreign law enforcement agencies. Each bureau also arranges for resolutions adopted by Interpol to be applied at the national level, and works to ensure that the basic principles laid down by Interpol's constitution are followed. National central bureaus are linked electronically to the Interpol General Secretariat's main database in Lyons.

The organization uses a system of international notices (circulars) to inform peace officers in the national bureaus of cases where known criminals abandon their usual residence and travel abroad surreptitiously. The color coded circulars are distributed by Interpol Headquarters to member countries within twenty days of their issue, or, in urgent cases, the same day. In the case of a fugitive whose arrest is requested and whose Extradition is likely, a wanted notice containing details of the arrest warrant and the offense committed is circulated.

In addition, Interpol conducts investigations of criminal activities, including drug trafficking, Terrorism, counterfeiting, Smuggling, Organized Crime, and new forms of economic crime. It conducts criminal history checks for visa and import permits and traces vehicle registration and ownership. Interpol also performs humanitarian services such as locating missing persons and providing notification of serious illness or death.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


International Criminal Police Organization, an association of over 100 national police forces, devoted chiefly to fighting international crime.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006
References in periodicals archive ?
"Interpol Secretary General Stock appraised Shah about the databases of Interpol that house 100 million records, secure global data communication channel, and other tools through, which the organisation is assisting other law enforcement agencies across the world," said a press release.
The foundation "is legally and administratively separate from Interpol but is an important source of revenue for the organization."
Established in 1923, Interpol is the world's largest international police organization, with 192 member countries.
The Commission's decision reads: 'The Commission finds that the NCB of Pakistan has not provided sufficient facts that specifically link the wanted individual to the charges against him and it is not able to confirm that the data registered would be in compliance with Interpol's rule and in view of the Article 83 of the PRD.'
She added, "Countries with documented gross human rights violations; countries to which extradition is likely to result in an individual's torture or death; should be altogether barred from recourse to Interpol. There needs to be international cooperation to implement human rights provisions in the extradition procedures of any nation.
Earlier, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said that Washington was 'strongly' endorsing the current acting head of Interpol. The statement followed a letter by a bipartisan group of US senators, warning against the election of Prokopchuk, who serves as Interpol's vice-president for Europe.
The Republic of Chile is set to host the next general assembly of the International Police Organisation (Interpol) in 2019, the body announced on the final day of the 87th Interpol session in Dubai on Wednesday.
Kosovo's application was assessed at Interpol's four-day general assembly in the the United Arab Emirates city of Dubai, together with applications from other states who want to join the 192-member police organization, reports Radio Free Europe.A
Interpol's 87 th General Assembly will enable 192 of its member-countries, including Saudi Arabia and the UAE, to work together to fight international crime.
Summary: 1,000 officials from 173 countries convene in Dubai for 78th Interpol General Assembly
TAIWAN, which calls itself the Republic of China (ROC), wants to be included in the International Police (Interpol) organization as it seeks to work with law-enforcement agencies around the world to jointly combat crime, fill gaps in the global security network, and create a safer world through joint cooperation.