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United; coupled together in interest; shared between two or more persons; not solitary in interest or action but acting together or in unison. A combined, undivided effort or undertaking involving two or more individuals. Produced by or involving the concurring action of two or more; united in or possessing a common relation, action, or interest. To share common rights, duties, and liabilities.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


adj., adv. referring to property, rights or obligations which are united, undivided and shared by two or more persons or entities. Thus, a joint property held by both cannot be effectively transferred unless all owners join in the transaction. If a creditor sues to collect a joint debt, he/she must include all the debtors in the lawsuit, unless the debt is specifically "joint and several," meaning anyone of the debtors may be individually liable. Therefore, care must be taken in drafting deeds, sales agreements, promissory notes, joint venture agreements, and other documents. A joint tenancy is treated specially, since it includes the right of the survivor to get the entire property when the other dies (right of survivorship). (See: joint tenancy, joint and several, joint venture, tenancy in common)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

JOINT. United, not separate; as, joint action, or one which is brought by several persons acting together; joint bond, a bond given by two or more obligors.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Many of the literature denotes fracture of the distal radius are common in older individuals 4th to 6th decade, as our clinical trial was to study the effectiveness of the operative management of the distal radius fractures by a locking compression plate, we included the cases, requiring surgery which were comminuted and intra articular and occurred due to high energy trauma in young individuals.
in the year 1990 studied 17 patients treated by open reduction and internal fixation for intra articular fractures.
As a "gold standard" treatment modality, intra articular sacroiliac joint injection is given under fluoroscopic guidance12,13.
INCLUSION CRITERIA: Patient diagnosed to have intra articular fracture of calcaneum by x ray -AP, lateral and Harris axial view.
The operative treatment of intra articular calcaneum fractures with/without bone graft is a still a topic of debate.
A reduction was considered satisfactory if radius length was within 2-3 mms of contra lateral wrist, less than 5 degree of anglulation loss, palmar tilt of 0 degree or more and intra articular step of less than 2mm.
The present study was undertaken to assess the functional outcome of surgical management of intra articular fractures of distal end of the radius distal by open reduction and internal fixation, closed reduction with 'K' wire fixation.
Following intravenous injection of a contrast agent, both GCT and PVNS are enhanced.3, 6 Based on the histological features, GCT usually presents as a single nodular lesion in the intra articular space without diffuse synovial thickening evident on MR images.