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United; coupled together in interest; shared between two or more persons; not solitary in interest or action but acting together or in unison. A combined, undivided effort or undertaking involving two or more individuals. Produced by or involving the concurring action of two or more; united in or possessing a common relation, action, or interest. To share common rights, duties, and liabilities.


adj., adv. referring to property, rights or obligations which are united, undivided and shared by two or more persons or entities. Thus, a joint property held by both cannot be effectively transferred unless all owners join in the transaction. If a creditor sues to collect a joint debt, he/she must include all the debtors in the lawsuit, unless the debt is specifically "joint and several," meaning anyone of the debtors may be individually liable. Therefore, care must be taken in drafting deeds, sales agreements, promissory notes, joint venture agreements, and other documents. A joint tenancy is treated specially, since it includes the right of the survivor to get the entire property when the other dies (right of survivorship). (See: joint tenancy, joint and several, joint venture, tenancy in common)


adjective allied, amalgamated, associated, coalitional, collaborative, collective, combined, common, communal, communis, community, concerted, concurrent, confederate, conjoint, conjugate, conjunct, consolidated, cooperative, coordinated, corporate, correal, harmonious, inseparable, joined, leagued, merged, mixed, mutual, shared, synergetic, unified, united
Associated concepts: joint account, joint action, joint advennure, joint and several liability, joint enterprise, joint interrst, joint liability, joint negligence, joint ownership, joint resolution, joint tenancy, joint tort feasors
See also: collective, common, concerted, concomitant, concordant, concurrent, conjoint, connection, consensual, federal, intersection, mutual, united

JOINT. United, not separate; as, joint action, or one which is brought by several persons acting together; joint bond, a bond given by two or more obligors.

References in periodicals archive ?
Intra-articular tibial plateau fracture characteristics according to the 'Ten segment classification'.
Twelve patients (seven females and five males) were treated for intra-articular ganglion cyst of the knee joint (Table 1).
Percutaneous Kirschner's wires appear more effective as compared to T-Plate fixation in terms of functional outcome for treating intra-articular distal radius fractures.
The present study was a descriptive cross-sectional study to compare the efficacy and safety of intra-articular hyaluronic acid and intra-articular triamcinolone hexacetonide in 30 patients with primary osteoarthritis of knee.
Pseudosepsis that is caused by viscosupple- mentation with hylan is associated with certain features (1-3), which include (1) intra-articular knee effusion with severe pain, most often within 24 and 72 h of administration; (2) requirement for two or three injections prior to the development of immune sensitization; (3) absence of infectious agents and calcium pyrophosphate crystals in the synovial fluid aspirate; (4) possibility of elevated mononuclear cell levels (majority of macrophages, infrequent neutrophils, and increased eosinophils) in the synovial fluid; and (5) disease prognosis that is not self-limiting and that requires treatment in nearly all cases (arthrocentesis, intra-articular steroid injection, and NSAIDs).
Mature malunions are treated by intra-articular osteotomies or the salvage procedures.
External fixation allows fracture reduction to normal bony length and can be used as an alternative to internal fixation in highly comminuted fractures or complex intra-articular fractures of hand10.
Stout described lesions as either capillary, cavernous, mixed, or venous, (22) while Jacobs and Lee differentiated between juxta-articular and intra-articular nodules.
Joint activities can be limited by inside-the-knee joint fractures, hemorrhage, long- term immobilization, synovectomy, reconstruction aft- er ligament injury, and even intra-articular adhesions after meniscectomy.
Conclusion: Use of locking compression plate for intra-articular distal radius fracture showed good results comparable with global literature.
2) The differential diagnosis of cruciate ligament ganglion cysts and posterior knee pain includes any other intra-articular cysts (eg, meniscal cysts), posterior meniscal tear, popliteus tendinopathy, or neoplasms (eg, hemangioma and synovial sarcoma).
In recent years, there has been an expansion in the use of intra-articular HA viscosupplementation for treating OA at hips, shoulders, and other small joints.

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