Investiture


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Investiture

In ecclesiastical law, one of the formalities by which an archbishop confirms the election of a bishop. During the feudal ages, the rite by which an overlord granted a portion of his lands to his vassal.

The investiture ceremony, which took place in the presence of other vassals, consisted of the vassal taking an oath of fealty to the overlord who, in turn, gave him a clod of dirt or a twig, symbolic of the open and notorious transfer of possession of the land. The ritual, used at a time when writing and record keeping were not widely practiced, fixed the date of the vassal's acquisition of the land and, in cases of disputes over the land, provided a source of evidence in the form of testimony of the vassals who witnessed the proceedings.

Cross-references

Feudalism.

See: assignment, delegation, deputation, installation

INVESTITURE, estates. The act of giving possession of lands by actual seisin When livery of seisin was made to a person by the common law he was invested with the whole fee; this, the foreign feudists and sometimes 'our own law writers call investiture, but generally speaking, it is termed by the common law writers, the seisin of the fee. 2 Bl. Com. 209, 313; Feame on Rem. 223, n. (z).
     2. By the canon law investiture was made per baculum et annulum, by the ring and crosier, which were regarded as symbols of the episcopal jurisdiction. Ecclesiastical and secular fiefs were governed by the same rule in this respect that previously to investiture, neither a bishop, abbey or lay lord could take possession of a fief. conferred upon them previously to investiture by the prince.
     3. Pope Gregory VI. first disputed the right of sovereigns to give investiture of ecclesiastical fiefs, A. D. 1045, but Pope Gregory VII. carried. on the dispute with much more vigor, A. D. 1073. He excommunicated the emperor, Henry IV. The Popes Victor III., Urban II. and Paul II., continued the contest. This dispute, it is said, cost Christendom sixty- three battles, and the lives of many millions of men. De Pradt.

References in periodicals archive ?
"The overwhelming majority of Welshmen would welcome news of the arrest, prosecution and imprisonment of these men, and the Secretary of State hopes that they will not still be left at large during the period leading up to and including the investiture."
"The response to the protests against the Investiture was the greatest hatred I've experienced in politics," said Dafydd Iwan, who was a young 25-year-old campaigner at the time.
Charles's regalia included the investiture coronet, sword, ring and rod, and he was dressed in a long royal mantle or cloak of velvet and ermine.
While the prince was saluted by cheering crowds, he also faced hostility from nationalists who attempted to disrupt the investiture with bomb attacks.
The DG, who spoke on behalf of other awardees shortly after the investiture of the Fellowship awards, assured that they will all work together to ensure the quick passage of the Act establishing the CILT.
The Schmalens, of Sleepy Hollow, were newly invested as a Knight and Lady of the Holy Sepulchre, and DeBlock was promoted within the order to Knight Commander of the Holy Sepulchre during an investiture ceremony at St.
Sunday will see the main event with the recreation of the investiture and a procession scene in and around the town.
The second investiture ceremony is scheduled for November 10.
Gen Enzo Vecciarelli during an investiture ceremony at the Aiwan-e-Sadr in Islamabad.
ISLAMABAD -- Acting President Mohammad Sadiq Sanjrani conferred the Nishan-i-Imtiaz (Military) upon General Zhang Youxia, Vice Chairman of Chinese Central Military Commission during an Investiture Ceremony at the Aiwan-e-Sadr, Islamabad on Friday.
President Mamnoon Hussain conferred Nishan-e-Imtiaz (Military) on Air Chief Marshal Mujahid Anwar Khan, Chief of the Air Staff, Pakistan Air Force during an investiture ceremony held at Aiwan-e-Sadr, today.
ISLAMABAD:President Mamnoon Hussain conferred Nishan-e-Imtiaz (Military) on Air Chief Marshal Mujahid Anwar Khan of Pakistan Air Force (PAF) during an investiture ceremony at Aiwan-e-Sadr on Wednesday.Federal Minister for Defence Engr Khurram Dastgir Khan, Federal Minister for Defence Production Rana Tanvir Hussain, Federal Minister for SAFRON Lt Gen Abdul Qadir Baloch (Retd), General Zubair Mahmood Hayat, Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee, Chief of Naval Staff Admiral Zafar Mahmood Abbasi, senior officers of the armed forces and high ranking civil and military officials attended the coveted investiture ceremony.