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LAW, MERCHANT. A system of customs acknowledged and taken notice of by all commercial nations; and those customs constitute a part of the general law of the land; and being a part of that law their existence cannot be proved by witnesses, but the judges are bound to take notice of them ex officio. See Beawes' Lex Mercatoria Rediviva; Caines' Lex Mercatoria Americana; Com. Dig. Merchant, D; Chit. Comm. Law; Pardess. Droit Commercial; Collection des Lois Maritimes anterieure au dix hutiŠme siŠcle, par Dupin; Capmany, Costumbres Maritimas; II Consolato del Mare; Us et Coutumes de la Mer; Piantandia, Della Giurisprudenze Maritina Commerciale, Antica e Moderna; Valin, Commentaire sur l'Ordonnance de la Marine, du Mois d'Aout, 1681; Boulay-Paty, Dr. Comm.; Boucher, Institutions au Droit Maritime.

MERCHANT. One whose business it is to buy and sell merchandise; this applies to all persons who habitually trade in merchandise. 1 Watts & S. 469; 2 Salk. 445.
     2. In another sense, it signifies a person who owns ships, and trades, by means of them, with foreign nations, or with the different States of the United States; these are known by the name of shipping merchants. Com. Dig. Merchant, A; Dyer, R. 279 b; Bac. Ab. h.t.
     3. According to an old authority, there are four species of merchants, namely, merchant adventurers, merchant dormant, merchant travellers, and merchant residents. 2 Brownl. 99. Vide, generally, 9 Salk. R. 445; Bac. Ab. h.t.; Com. Dig. h.t.; 1 Bl. Com. 75, 260; 1 Pard. Dr. Com. n. 78

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
It was while she was appearing in Richard III at the Regent's Park Open Air Theatre that she was seen by James Ivory and Ismail Merchant, who cast her opposite Anthony Hopkins in Surviving Picasso in 1996.
The panel of judges for Classic Shorts 2001 include directors Ridley Scott (Gladiator), Mark Herman (Little Voice), John Madden (Shakespeare in Love), Anthony Minghella (The English Patient), Stephen Woolley (The Crying Game) and Ismail Merchant (Room with a View) as well as Phantom Menace actor Ewan McGregor.
His other credits include Ismail Merchant's "The Proprietor" and "In Custody," Anthony Harvey's "This Can't Be Love" and "Grace Quigley," and TV projects "I'll Take Manhattan" and "Where Are the Children?"
A spokesman for Merchant Ivory Productions, which was co-founded by James Ivory with the late Ismail Merchant, said yesterday it did not wish to comment, saying the matter was "all in hand and should be cleared up".
ISMAIL MERCHANT, 68, film producer who with his life partner, director James Ivory, made 40 films, May 25.
Producer ISMAIL MERCHANT tells Entertainment Weekly the film is called The Goddess and he will direct it next spring in India.
Ismail Merchant and screenwriter Ruth Prawer Jhabvala: Co-founders of the film company Merchant Ivory.
Other guests on the current series include Richard and Judy, Barbara Windsor, Ismail Merchant, Helena Bonham Carter, Stephen Fry, Lesley Garrett, Ulrika Jonsson, Charlotte Church, Martin Kemp, Wendy Richard and Ronan Keating.
In Confessions of a Cineplex Heckler , among other things Queenan attempts to watch the complete works of Ismail Merchant and James Ivory - 'Nothing I had attempted to date - impersonating Mickey Rourke for a day, having lunch with Keanu Reeves - was anywhere near as daring as what I was contemplating now.
Forster or Henry James and often have the names Ismail Merchant and James Ivory on the credits.
The late Ismail Merchant was full of praise for how helpful Shanghai authorities were during the shooting of "The White Countess," the first Western movie to be shot entirely in China.
Merchant Ivory producer Ismail Merchant died yesterday aged 68.Together with director James Ivory, Merchant made such acclaimed period films as Howards End, A Room With A View and Remains of the Day.