Beth Din

(redirected from Jewish court)
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Related to Jewish court: Din Torah, Beis din

Beth Din

a Jewish court. The London Beth Din is the court of the Chief Rabbi. Aside from dealing with matters of Jewish law for Jewish people, it offers its services in dispute resolution to Gentiles. So far as Jewish matters are concerned, it has jurisdiction in respect of adoptions, circumcision, conversion to the faith, Kashrut (in relation to kosher food and Gittin) and Jewish divorces. See GET.
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However, the strong probability is that, if a Jewish court had sentenced Jesus to death, the punishment would have been execution by stoning--not crucifixion.
The Jewish court system initially developed due to the Talmudic ban on Jews voluntarily presenting their cases to courts governed by idolatrous peoples, courts of Akkum.
David Menahem Shohet, The Jewish court in the Middle Ages: Studies in Jewish Jurisprudence According to the Talmud, Geonic and Medieval German Responsa (New York: Commanday-Roth Co.
The best she can do is ask her husband to cooperate with a Jewish court or rabbi to have the get written on his behalf and then handed over to her in front of witnesses.
Disputes would normally be ruled upon by a Jewish court, a Beth Din, without recourse to any outside authority or legal system.
Part I of this Comment discusses the applicability of substantive Jewish Law outside of a Jewish court.
However, if the defendant refuses to accept the authority of the religious court, the claimant, upon receiving permission from the Jewish court, may bring his claim against the defendant in the non-Jewish court in order "to prevent the strong and powerful from evading the law.
We must conclude from this evidence that Jesus was not tried by a legally established Jewish court.
To resolve this, he said, the Sages came up with a formula called a heter iska, essentially a contract where a Jewish court of law becomes the administrator of a loan and charges a fee for its use.
Even if we supposed that later-attested laws forbidding a meeting of a court to hear a capital charge by night or on a festival did not yet exist, we could reasonably assume that no Jewish court would meet and hear charges of this gravity on the first night of Pesach.
The New Sanhedrin is known as a right-wing organization that claims to be the rightful successors of the supreme Jewish court of antiquity.
The Jewish court, the Beth Din, ruled it was not a religious matter in what has been called: "a small victory against small mindedness".

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