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United; coupled together in interest; shared between two or more persons; not solitary in interest or action but acting together or in unison. A combined, undivided effort or undertaking involving two or more individuals. Produced by or involving the concurring action of two or more; united in or possessing a common relation, action, or interest. To share common rights, duties, and liabilities.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


adj., adv. referring to property, rights or obligations which are united, undivided and shared by two or more persons or entities. Thus, a joint property held by both cannot be effectively transferred unless all owners join in the transaction. If a creditor sues to collect a joint debt, he/she must include all the debtors in the lawsuit, unless the debt is specifically "joint and several," meaning anyone of the debtors may be individually liable. Therefore, care must be taken in drafting deeds, sales agreements, promissory notes, joint venture agreements, and other documents. A joint tenancy is treated specially, since it includes the right of the survivor to get the entire property when the other dies (right of survivorship). (See: joint tenancy, joint and several, joint venture, tenancy in common)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

JOINT. United, not separate; as, joint action, or one which is brought by several persons acting together; joint bond, a bond given by two or more obligors.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
In targeted cell therapy for joint disease, since the degenerative process where cartilage is characterized by aging of cells, or by their death, the only effective solution is the replacement of old cells with new ones.
In a guide to identifying and interpreting joint diseases, anthropologists at the University of Alberta-Edmonton identify diagnostic criteria relevant to investigating joint diseases in dry and macerated bone specimens, differentiate between various disease forms, and highlight contentious issues such as the antiquity of rheumatoid arthritis and the implications of the prevalence and severity of joint disease for reconstructing the behaviors of past people and recently deceased individuals.
A mindfulness-based group intervention to reduce psychological distress and fatigue in patienl5 with inflammatory rheumatic joint diseases: a randomised controlled trial.
Degenerative joint disease is the most common joint disorder of dogs and cats (Hulse, 1998).
A provider of anatomic inlay implants for early joint disease, Arthrosurface also provides patient-matching metallic resurfacing, which are thin, contoured and sized according to the defect and shape and the patient's native joint surface.
The nonbiologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs are only marginally effective for joint disease in psoriatic arthritis patients, with the exception of leflunomide (Arava), which has fair benefit for the peripheral arthritis but less for the skin disease.
Gold shots were standard therapy for joint disease for more than 75 years.
However, osteoarthritis, also known as degenerative joint disease, is the most common joint disorder.
(Menlo Park CA) will team up with the U.K.'s University Campus Suffolk to develop a treatment for joint disease and damaged cartilage, the biopharmaceutical company said.
It is an inflammatory joint disease which can cause stiffness, pain and lack of movement, but Mickelson said: "Everything is fine now." He was on medication of anti inflammatories during the Scottish Open and The Open last month but, for the last two weeks, has been injecting himself weekly with a drug that he has been told to take for the next year.
The rising prevalence of osteoarthritis, a serious and painful joint disease, is expected to be compounded by inactivity, obesity, injury and the aging of the American population.
Other factors observed to influence recovery include the presence of severe other joint disease and obesity.

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