Judicature Acts

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Judicature Acts

English statutes that govern and revise the organization of the judiciary.

Parliament enacted a series of statutes in 1873 during the reign of Queen Victoria that changed and restructured the court system of England. Consolidated and called the Judicature Act of 1873, these enactments became effective on November 1, 1875, but were later amended in 1877. As a result, superior courts were consolidated to form one supreme court of judicature with two divisions, the High Court of Justice, primarily endowed with original jurisdiction, and the Court of Appeal, which possessed appellate jurisdiction.

The present court system of England is organized according to the Judicature Acts, which were redrafted in 1925 as the Supreme Court of Judicature (Consolidation) Act and which made the Court of Appeals, consisting of a civil division and criminal division, the center of the English judiciary.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In England, the Judicature Acts of 1873 and 1875 brought together the administration of the common law and equity in a single court.
For an interesting account of the developments in New South Wales, see Mark Leeming, 'Equity, the Judicature Acts and Restitution' (2011) 5 Journal of Equity 199.
In the colonial period, the Judicature Act system was quickly adopted in all of the colonies save New South Wales.
The two major themes are the emergence and incessant transformation of the jury system, including judge/jury relations, across eight centuries of civil and criminal justice and the law-equity division from the emergence of the Court of Chancery in the 14th century down through the Judicature Acts of the 1870s and equity's "conquest" of common law in the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure of 1938.
Since the Judicature Acts of the 1880s, common law and equity are merged in superior trial courts, where the judge can grant a common law or equitable remedy.
Sara Flaherty's "Out of Date in a Good Many Respects" covers new ground in legal history arguing that the Supreme Court of Newfoundland, despite reluctance to use its power, had jurisdiction over judicial separation cases through the Judicature Acts of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries.
Parliament is not a body corporate (not even the `Supreme Court', as constituted by the Judicature Acts of 1873-75 and consisting of the High Court and the Court of Appeal, is a corporate entity).
English procedural reformers began chipping away at pleading problems with a series of changes in the 19th century, culminating in the 1873 and 1875 Judicature Acts. (23) These Acts consolidated law and equity into a single Supreme Court of Judicature with simplified pleading rules, and the old forms of action were effectively abolished.
In Australia, a modified version of the pleading system created by the Judicature Acts is still generally in force.