With the exception of a brief period between 1912 and 1920, political parties in New York have nominated their candidates for the state supreme court using delegate based judicial conventions, with delegates elected at party primary elections or other nominating conventions.
The judicial conventions are often brief, with the determination as to candidates having been made by local political leaders, with input from the bar, before the convention is held.
(13) New York Election Law does not require judicial conventions to elect party nominees by a majority or any particular method; as a practical matter, most convention nominations are unanimous.
(85) In some areas, county or assembly district conventions elected or appointed the delegates to the judicial conventions. See Political: The Democratic State Convention-Delegates Elected, N.Y.
The judicial convention system has met with criticism and reform attempts since its inception.
[They] are chosen at judicial conventions whose delegates are generally
Bloomberg stated: "[P]arty judicial conventions, where Supreme
principal function" of the judicial conventions is to "give
(43.) See Daniel Wise, Second Circuit Rejects Judicial Conventions,