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The proper administration of the law; the fair and equitable treatment of all individuals under the law. A title given to certain judges, such as federal and state supreme court judges.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


n. 1) fairness. 2) moral rightness. 3) a scheme or system of law in which every person receives his/her/its due from the system, including all rights, both natural and legal. One problem is that attorneys, judges, and legislatures often get caught up more in procedure than in achieving justice for all. Example: the adage "justice delayed is justice denied," applies to the burdensome procedures, lack of sufficient courts, clogging the system with meritless cases, and the use of the courts to settle matters which could be resolved by negotiation. The imbalance between court privileges obtained by attorneys for the wealthy and for the person of modest means, the use of delay and "blizzards" of unnecessary paper by large law firms, and judges who fail to cut through the underbrush of procedure all erode justice. 4) an appellate judge, the Chief Justice and Associate Justices of the U. S. Supreme Court, a member of a Federal Court of Appeal, and judges of any of the various state appellate courts.

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.


Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

JUSTICE. The constant and perpetual disposition to render every man his due. Just. Inst. B. 1, tit. 1. Toullier defines it to be the conformity of our actions and our will to the law. Dr. Civ. Fr. tit. prel. n. 5. In the most extensive sense of the word, it differs little from virtue, for it includes within itself the whole circle of virtues. Yet the common distinction between them is that that which considered positively and in itself, is called virtue, when considered relatively and with respect to others, has the name of justice. But justice being in itself a part of virtue, is confined to things simply good or evil, and consists in a man's taking such a proportion of them as he ought.
     2. Justice is either distributive or commutative. Distributive justice is that virtue whose object is to distribute rewards and punishments to each one according to his merits, observing a just proportion by comparing one person or fact with another, so that neither equal persons have unequal things, nor unequal persons things equal. Tr. of Eq. 3, and Toullier's learned note, Dr. Civ. Fr. tit. prel. n. 7, note.
     3. Commutative justice is that virtue whose object it is to render to every one what belongs to him, as nearly as may be, or that which governs contracts. To render commutative justice, the judge must make an equality between the parties, that no one may be a gainer by another's loss. Tr. Eq. 3.
     4. Toullier exposes the want of utility and exactness in this division of distributive and commutative justice, adopted in the compendium or abridgments of the ancient doctors, and prefers the division of internal and external justice; the first being a conformity of our will, and the latter a conformity of our actions to the law: their union making perfect justice. Exterior justice is the object of jurisprudence; interior justice is the object of morality. Dr. Civ. Fr. tit. prel. n. 6 et 7.
     5. According to the Frederician code, part 1, book 1, tit. 2, s. 27, justice consists simply in letting every one enjoy the rights which he has acquired in virtue of the laws. And as this definition includes all the other rules of right, there is properly but one single general rule of right, namely, Give every one his own. See, generally, Puffend. Law of Nature and Nations, B. 1, c. 7, s. 89; Elementorum Jurisprudentiae Universalis, lib. 1, definito, 17, 3, 1; Geo. Lib. 2, c. 11, s. 3; Ld. Bac. Read. Stat. Uses, 306; Treatise of Equity, B. 1, c. 1, s. 1.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Extra Judicial Measures Pilot Project employs “Talking Circles” or “restorative justice” for conflict resolution of young offenders as an alternative to arrest and criminal charges.
While democratic governments make an increasing effort to avoid involvement in torture or extra-judicial killings and actually subject such violations to fact-finding committees and judicial measures, authoritarian regimes tend to manipulate gross human rights violations against individuals and groups to consolidate political power.
We would impose the judicial measures necessary to restore wrongly appropriated personal possessions.
After consulting the public prosecutor's office, the suspect was taken into custody to take judicial measures against him and to transfer him to the judicial counter-terrorism division.
Hearing the arguments, Justice Azmat Saeed extended the deadline and also stressed that 'judicial measures are essential to curb crime over administrative orders and that plea bargains are confessions instead'.
In this context, MPs Aoun and Daher stressed "the necessity of implementing the decision to remove infringements on the Litani river" and to take all the security and judicial measures against violators.
Cooperation in combating cybercrimes The Minister also called for activating security, legislative and judicial measures, and seriously cooperate in implementing the agreements on combating cybercrimes and terrorism to ensure that modern technology and social media networks are not misused in disseminating and promoting the ideology of terrorist organisations.
The statement said that municipalities should take "appropriate judicial measures against violators in coordination with ...
He said Saudi Arabia supports "all judicial measures taken by the Kingdom of Bahrain to fight extremism and terrorism in all its forms and manifestations" to "preserve the security, stability and safety of its citizens and to safeguard Bahrain's unity and social cohesion." On Syria, Saeed said the Cabinet called on the international community to adopt a unified stance to stop the killing of "innocent people and protect children and women from the abuses committed by Bashar Assad's regime and affiliated terrorist militias." The Syrian regime's actions have led to the killing of more than 300,000 people, and there was a need to "bring war criminals in Syria to international justice," he said.
Cabinet secretary general Dr Yasser Al Nasser said the session valued the GCC support to judicial measures against sectarian-tainted groups.
Essam bin Saad bin Saeed said that the cabinet reviewed a number of reports on the latest developments of events in the region and the world, stressing the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia's support for all judicial measures taken by the Kingdom of Bahrain to fight extremism and terrorism in all its forms and manifestations, and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia's solidarity and standing by the Kingdom of Bahrain in the measures taken to preserve the security, stability and safety of its citizens and to safeguard Bahrain's unity and social cohesion.