But said Section 4, Article III does not protect the "public and malicious imputation of a crime or of a vice or defect, real or imaginary, or any act, omission, condition, status or circumstance tending to cause the dishonor, discredit or contempt of a natural or juridical person
, or to blacken the memory of one who is dead," or legally known as libel.
2.'Legal Owner' means the natural or juridical person
who, in accordance with the pertinent provisions of Philippine law, owns or has the controlling ownership interest over the corporation or has the ability of taking relevant decisions within the corporation and impose those resolutions (Section 2.8).
While a corporation or juridical person
has to submit an original and duly notarized Secretary's Certificate for identification purposes.
In the case of a corporation or juridical person
, an accomplished refund form must be submitted along with an original and notarized copy of a Secretary's Certificate.
Following Section 4 (c) (4) of RA 10175 a.k.a the 'Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012', it still follows the definition of libel as a 'public and malicious imputation of a crime, or of a vice or defect, real or imaginary, or any act, omission, condition, status, or circumstance tending to cause the dishonor, discredit, or contempt of a natural or juridical person
, or to blacken the memory of one who is dead' but where the publication is done through a 'computer system'.
The provisions of this law shall apply in the State to any normal or juridical person
engaged in the production, manufacturing, processing, trading, import and export of organic inputs and products.
The other categories who have been allotted PAN include, associate of persons; body of individuals; company; government; artificial juridical person
; local authority and trust.
vitro fertilized ovum as a juridical person
, unless the in vitro
In 2016, lawyer Sami Mohamed al-Roby filed a lawsuit to dissolve 11 political parties, including the BDP, that are established on "religious bases." However, the court rejected the case on July 2, 2017, justifying that the plaintiff is not a juridical person
to file the case and that the only authorized entity to file such cases is Parliament's Political Party Affairs Committee.
It discusses the nature of impunity and the differences between passive and active impunity; the modern private military company industry and its activities, with examples from the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan; the treatment of mercenary activity under international law and how the law has failed to marginalize the individual mercenary or criminalize broader practices of mercenarism; the structure of legalized impunity in terms of the private military company, including developments that led to the recognition of the corporation as a juridical person
, how criminal law does not apply to the corporate juridical person
, and how private military companies are protected through legalized impunity mechanisms; and the future of private military company impunity.
It is generally corporations, either privately owned or state-owned, that accomplish the types of actions that the Prosecutor identified in the policy paper as fair game for her Office's investigation: "Rome Statute crimes that are committed by means of, or that result in, inter alia, the destruction of the environment, the illegal exploitation of natural resources or the illegal dispossession of land." (23) So corporations that are targeted for investigation, and the framing of charges, will still focus on corporate officers or employees and not the juridical person
that employs them.
It is part of the implementation of Law No 2 of 2012 prohibiting a natural or juridical person
to do any act undermining the public appearance or public health in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi to preserve the civilised appearance of the city and create a healthy environment for all.