Jus ad rem

JUS AD REM. property, title. This phrase is applied to designate the right a man has in relation to a thing; it is not the right in the thing itself, but only against the person who has contracted to deliver it. It is a mere imperfect or inchoate right. 2 Bl. Com. 312 Poth. Dr. de Dom. de Propriete, ch. prel. n. 1. This phrase is nearly equivalent to chose in action. 2 Woodes. Lect. 235. See, 2 P. Wms. 491; 1 Mason, 221 1 Story, Eq. Jur. 506; 2 Story, Eq. Jur. Sec. 1215; Story, Ag. Sec. 352; and Jus in re.

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From the distinction between possession and property arise two sorts of rights: the right in a thing (jus in re) is the right by which I may reclaim the property which I have acquired, in whatever hands I find it, and the right to a thing (jus ad rem), which gives me a claim to become a proprietor ...
The right to the produce is exclusively jus in re; the right to the means is common, jus ad rem. (30) Based on these examples Proudhon seems to define the means of production as only land and natural resources, a stance that diverges from contemporary definitions that typically also include capital goods.