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The proper administration of the law; the fair and equitable treatment of all individuals under the law. A title given to certain judges, such as federal and state supreme court judges.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


n. 1) fairness. 2) moral rightness. 3) a scheme or system of law in which every person receives his/her/its due from the system, including all rights, both natural and legal. One problem is that attorneys, judges, and legislatures often get caught up more in procedure than in achieving justice for all. Example: the adage "justice delayed is justice denied," applies to the burdensome procedures, lack of sufficient courts, clogging the system with meritless cases, and the use of the courts to settle matters which could be resolved by negotiation. The imbalance between court privileges obtained by attorneys for the wealthy and for the person of modest means, the use of delay and "blizzards" of unnecessary paper by large law firms, and judges who fail to cut through the underbrush of procedure all erode justice. 4) an appellate judge, the Chief Justice and Associate Justices of the U. S. Supreme Court, a member of a Federal Court of Appeal, and judges of any of the various state appellate courts.

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.


Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

JUSTICE. The constant and perpetual disposition to render every man his due. Just. Inst. B. 1, tit. 1. Toullier defines it to be the conformity of our actions and our will to the law. Dr. Civ. Fr. tit. prel. n. 5. In the most extensive sense of the word, it differs little from virtue, for it includes within itself the whole circle of virtues. Yet the common distinction between them is that that which considered positively and in itself, is called virtue, when considered relatively and with respect to others, has the name of justice. But justice being in itself a part of virtue, is confined to things simply good or evil, and consists in a man's taking such a proportion of them as he ought.
     2. Justice is either distributive or commutative. Distributive justice is that virtue whose object is to distribute rewards and punishments to each one according to his merits, observing a just proportion by comparing one person or fact with another, so that neither equal persons have unequal things, nor unequal persons things equal. Tr. of Eq. 3, and Toullier's learned note, Dr. Civ. Fr. tit. prel. n. 7, note.
     3. Commutative justice is that virtue whose object it is to render to every one what belongs to him, as nearly as may be, or that which governs contracts. To render commutative justice, the judge must make an equality between the parties, that no one may be a gainer by another's loss. Tr. Eq. 3.
     4. Toullier exposes the want of utility and exactness in this division of distributive and commutative justice, adopted in the compendium or abridgments of the ancient doctors, and prefers the division of internal and external justice; the first being a conformity of our will, and the latter a conformity of our actions to the law: their union making perfect justice. Exterior justice is the object of jurisprudence; interior justice is the object of morality. Dr. Civ. Fr. tit. prel. n. 6 et 7.
     5. According to the Frederician code, part 1, book 1, tit. 2, s. 27, justice consists simply in letting every one enjoy the rights which he has acquired in virtue of the laws. And as this definition includes all the other rules of right, there is properly but one single general rule of right, namely, Give every one his own. See, generally, Puffend. Law of Nature and Nations, B. 1, c. 7, s. 89; Elementorum Jurisprudentiae Universalis, lib. 1, definito, 17, 3, 1; Geo. Lib. 2, c. 11, s. 3; Ld. Bac. Read. Stat. Uses, 306; Treatise of Equity, B. 1, c. 1, s. 1.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Justis is a professor at the Ourso College of Business Administration, Louisiana State University.
A franchising contract defines the obligations and rights of the franchisor and the franchisee (Brickley et al., 1991) and protects the financial interests of both sides (Castrogiovanni and Justis, 1998).
Justis's polemic is daringly non-hagiographic, as certainly befits Heine's treatment of both real-life and fictional women.
So did 17-year-old Justis Smith brutally murder holiday girl Rebecca Middleton?
The interest of franchisees in purchasing franchise outlets is motivated, at least in part, by the share of the profits that they earn from the franchise system (Castrogiovanni, Justis, & Julian, 1993).
Tariffs and trade regulations Celex(*) ECLAS Justis Eastern Europe (CD-ROM only) Scad(*) Spearhead(*) Spicers Centre for Europe TRAINS (CD-ROM being developed) US Code of Federal Regulations US Federal Register US Harmonized Tariff Schedule
and there Neal Justis handles the tough task of overseeing the setting of some 700 pages of copy each month and the putting together of 150 to 200 tabloid pages for each issue!
Justis Connection was selected as one of the innovation exhibitors at the June 17, 2019 Path to Excellence event at Towson University.
Survivors include his wife of almost 33 years; Gail to whom he married on June 21, 1985.His children; Michael Motyl, Susan (Randy) Sokol and Jeanine Justis. His stepchildren; Robert (Chie) Petruska and Geri Ann (Mark) Shroyer.
Agency theory along with resource scarcity theory try to explain why franchisors decide to franchise varying proportions of outlets (Castrogiovanni, Combs, & Justis, 2006b).
investigative survey and fantasy as it presents Justis, who is training a serial killer with all the kills of a 'weremyste'--one with a wizard's gifts and the ability to see into the paranormal world.