juvenile court

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juvenile court

n. a special court or department of a trial court which deals with under-age defendants charged with crimes or who are neglected or out of the control of their parents. The normal age of these defendants is under 18, but juvenile court does not have jurisdiction in cases in which minors are charged as adults. The procedure in juvenile court is not always adversarial (although the minor is entitled to legal representation by a lawyer). It can be an attempt to involve parents or social workers and probation officers in the process to achieve positive results and save the minor from involvement in further crimes. However, serious crimes and repeated offenses can result in sentencing juvenile offenders to prison, with transfer to state prison upon reaching adulthood with limited maximum sentences. Where parental neglect or loss of control is a problem, the juvenile court may seek out foster homes for the juvenile, treating the child as a ward of the court. (See: court)

References in periodicals archive ?
The law defines an observation home as 'a place where a juvenile is kept temporarily after being apprehended by police as well as after obtaining remand from Juvenile Court or otherwise for conducting inquiry or investigation for the purpose of this Act.'
'Considering the provisions of the Ordinance and being mindful that the Constitution envisages 'the protection of women and children' (clause (3) of Article 25) it would be appropriate to direct that trial of juveniles be concluded by juvenile courts without delay and appeals against conviction be prioritized and expeditiously decided,' he further observed.
What has not been debated, regardless of their motives, is that Progressive reformers believed that a benevolent state could create benign, nonpunitive, and therapeutic juvenile courts, distinct from harmful adult correctional schemes.
(35.) I use the term "juvenile justice" for proceedings in Juvenile Courts.
But several people with knowledge of the juvenile court system say it is generally far less harsh than the criminal system that adults enter when they commit crimes.
The Supreme Court of Missouri has issued several decisions elucidating the judicial power granted to the circuit courts (of which juvenile courts are a part (112)) by the Missouri Constitution.
The judge also said that under the youthful offender law, in cases of a serious violent crime, district attorneys can still seek adult sentences from the juvenile court that extend beyond age 18.
Members of the CWC and Hull House argued that juvenile courts could advance their child-saving goals and took the lead in lobbying for and developing the nation's first juvenile court.
Since retirement in 1971, Colorado Juvenile Court Judge Ted Palmer has written perceptively about the dilemmas and dynamics of the juvenile justice system.
Mrs M A Cumella, chairman of the juvenile court, said a short time ago: "A number of magistrate colleagues of mine feel that the juvenile court neither deters nor reforms the wrongdoers and they share with me a sense of frustration in attempting to carry out their duties in court."
"If established, Juvenile Courts could give proper hearing to the children who commit crime.

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