juvenile court

(redirected from Juvenile Courts)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.

juvenile court

n. a special court or department of a trial court which deals with under-age defendants charged with crimes or who are neglected or out of the control of their parents. The normal age of these defendants is under 18, but juvenile court does not have jurisdiction in cases in which minors are charged as adults. The procedure in juvenile court is not always adversarial (although the minor is entitled to legal representation by a lawyer). It can be an attempt to involve parents or social workers and probation officers in the process to achieve positive results and save the minor from involvement in further crimes. However, serious crimes and repeated offenses can result in sentencing juvenile offenders to prison, with transfer to state prison upon reaching adulthood with limited maximum sentences. Where parental neglect or loss of control is a problem, the juvenile court may seek out foster homes for the juvenile, treating the child as a ward of the court. (See: court)

References in periodicals archive ?
29) Moreover, the juvenile officer's role as a member of the judiciary exacerbates well-documented problems with juvenile courts by creating an even tighter group of insiders operating the system and increasing pressure on individual litigants and attorneys to follow the norms of that system--whether or not they serve their own or their clients' interests.
In fact, the NACW was formed precisely in time for black women to respond to other women reformers who lobbied for the creation of the first juvenile courts.
Individualized rehabilitation predicated on mentoring is exactly what the founders of the original juvenile courts had in mind.
He counters the belief that inherent contradictions between the social justice and coercive goals of juvenile court advocates doomed this (or indeed, any) attempt at doing good for kids through the justice system.
It's long overdue,'' Lancaster Juvenile Court Judge Richard Naranjo said.
Yet, by giving directions for future research, outlining proposals for reforms in the juvenile court, and repeatedly modeling thoughtful, critical policy analysis, the author shows why such misguided responses are no longer acceptable.
Washington made its juvenile courts presumptively open in July 2003, and a pilot openness project in Utah's juvenile courts went statewide in July.
My answer to the problem is to reform our juvenile courts," he said.
Yet juvenile courts remain the most impenetrable branch of the justice system.
Aware of the tensio n between due process rights and traditional juvenile court procedure, the Court was forced to decide whether due process rights in juvenile courts would even further subvert the desired ends of the rehabilitative model.
Juvenile courts now turn over many youthful offenders to other institutions.
We are essentially just moving the problem from welfare to the juvenile courts.

Full browser ?