Curia Regis

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Curia Regis

[Latin, The King's Court.]The Anglo-Saxon kings of England regularly summoned the bishops and great men of the kingdom to a council (Witenagemot), which advised the king and occasionally served as a court of justice. Building upon this foundation, the Norman kings after the Conquest in 1066 developed more effective ways of centralizing royal government. By the end of the eleventh century the king was entrusting business to his Curia, a body of officials appointed from the ranks of the highest noblemen, church leaders, and officers of the royal court. With the king, the Curia Regis administered all of the king's business—financial, legislative, and judicial. From the Curia Regis developed the common-law courts, the Chancery, and even the Parliament.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

CURIA REGIS. An English court, which assumed this name, during the reign of Henry II. It was Curia or Aula Regis, because it was held in the great hall of the king's palace; and where the king, for some time, administered justice in person. But afterwards, the judicial power was more properly entrusted to the king's judges. The judges who sat in this court were distinguished by the name of justices, or justiciaries. Besides these, the chief justiciary, the stewart of all England, the chancellor, the chamberlain, and the treasurer, also took part in the judicial proceedings of this court.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
As I already mentioned, the principle of due process developed as early as the 14th century, when Parliament used it to prevent the exercise of extra-legal power by the King's Council. It then became a constitutional principle in the 17th century in opposition to the prerogative courts.
(5.) Those who figure as antagonists in Askew's ordeal include Edmund Bonner, Bishop of London; Stephen Gardner, Bishop of Winchester; Thomas Wriothesley, Henry VIII's lord chancellor; Thomas Howard, Duke of Norfolk; and Sir Richard Rich, a member of the king's council.
Winchcombe is also known to have hosted in 941 a witenagemot or King's council - a bit like Chief Warlock Dumbledore's Wizenga-mot in Harry Potter, but more advisory than a high court.
In the same year he entered the personal service of his sovereign and was admitted to the King's Council. He discovered an administrative organization that had been finely tuned since the beginning of the reign for the primary purpose of making Henry master in his own house.
Hoak, The King's Council in the Reign of Edward VI, (Cambridge, 1976); S.
The chamber was made up of judges and privy councillors and grew out of the medieval king's council as a supplement to the regular justice of the common-law courts.
The court used the procedures of the king's council and depositions were taken from witnesses but no jury was used.
Under Henry VII, the king's council had had a permanent home, the Star Chamber, situated at the north-east corner of Westminster Palace.
Dominic Luckett and Richard Hoyle show this in the political sphere, examining Henry VII's use of office-holders on the crown lands to alter the balance of military and political power in local society and the contest for local dominance between Archbishop Savage, president of the King's Council in Yorkshire, and the 5th Earl of Northumberland.
He was also a member of the king's council, but rarely attended council meetings or Parliament.
Kildare's initial response to a summons to court was often also that he could not be spared, since his presence was necessary for ireland's defence - as the king's council there or the lords of Parliament would certify.