Henry II of England

(redirected from King Henry II of England)

Henry II of England

Henry II of England.

King Henry II was born March 5, 1133, in Le Mans, France. He reigned from 1154 to 1189 and founded the Plantagenet dynasty of English rulers. Henry's many innovations in civil and Criminal Procedure had a lasting effect upon English Law and his expansion of the royal court system made royal justice available throughout England.

Building upon the earlier tradition of the inquest, Henry issued several assizes, or ordinances, that introduced the procedures that eventually developed into the Grand Jury. He also developed a number of writs to bring cases from the feudal courts of the barons into the royal courts. In addition, Henry sent itinerant justices on regular circuits through the kingdom to make royal justice more easily obtainable.

Henry's expansion of royal justice did, however, bring him into conflict with thomas becket, the archbishop of Canterbury, who opposed the king's efforts to punish members of the clergy who had been convicted of crimes in ecclesiastical courts and removed from their clerical status. Becket was murdered in 1170 by some of the king's men, though apparently not at his command, and Henry thereafter gave up his efforts to punish members of the clergy. Henry died July 6, 1189, near Tours, France.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The President should be reminded of King Henry II of England who asked out loud: 'Will no one rid me of this meddlesome priest?' Knights loyal to him then lost no time in setting upon the 'meddlesome priest,' Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, now known as St.
As a royal clerk and chaplain to King Henry II of England, Gerald was also an author who travelled extensively, writing accounts of his exeriences.
| May 18 THE Royal Wedding of the future King Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine took place this sunny afternoon in 1152 and together they stayed.
THE RAF language row on Ynys Mon reminded me of a quote made by an old man from Pencader, Caerfyrddin to the King Henry II of England when boasting about the strength of the English army during an invasion of South Wales.
The author challenges the traditional view of Becket's early intimacy with King Henry II of England, suggesting that the king saw his relationship with his chancellor as little more than a partnership of convenience.
It was that of the bitter former king of Leinster, Dermot McMurrough, who had been expelled from Ireland by O'Connor and wanted his kingdom and O'Connor's so much that he turned to King Henry II of England for help.
The family in this case is the Plantagenets: King Henry II of England; his wife, Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine; and their three surviving sons: Richard, Geoffrey and John, one of whom will be chosen to inherit Henry's throne.
The sanguinary engagement only materialised as a direct result of King Henry II of England's fourth forceful foray into Wales.
Other ancestors are said to include King Henry II of England, astronaut John Glenn and former PM Harold Macmillan.
* the continuing Anglo-Irish struggle, begun when Pope Adrian IV granted overlordship of Ireland to King Henry II of England