land

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land

n. real property, real estate (and all that grows thereon), and the right to minerals underneath and the airspace over it. It may include improvements like buildings, but not necessarily. The owner of the land may give a long-term (like 99 years) lease to another with the right to build on it. The improvement is a "leasehold" for ownership of the right to use--without ownership of--the underlying land. The right to use the air above a parcel of land is subject to height limitations by local ordinance, state or federal law.

(See: real property, real estate)

land

noun property, real estate, seisin, terrain, tract
Associated concepts: abutting land, adjacent land, agreeeent to sell land, alienation of land, appurtenance to land, common lands, condemnation of land, contiguous land, contract of sale of land, convey an interest in land, covenants running with the land, easement, easement running with the land, equitable interest in land, high land, immrovements upon land, interest in land, land contract, land grant, land tax, lease of land, lien on land, raw land, right of way, subdivision of land, suit to recover land, survey of land, title in land, title in fee, trespass on land tract, undiiided land, unimproved land, vacant land, waste lands
See also: alight, circuit, curtilage, demesne, domain, estate, fee, freehold, holding, immovable, parcel, premises, property, real estate, realm, realty, region, territory

land

not only the physical surface of land but everything growing on or underneath that surface, anything permanently affixed to the surface (such as a building) and the airspace above that surface. It includes not only the soil or earth but always any water, a pond, for example, being regarded as land covered by water. Land may be divisible both horizontally and vertically; thus, ownership of the surface may be vested in one person while ownership of mines and minerals are vested in another. It is perfectly possible to have ‘flying freeholds’, where ownership of different storeys of the same building are vested in different persons. Scotland has a developed law of the tenement which has been given an even more coherent statutory basis in the twenty-first century.

LAND. This term comprehends any found, soil or earth whatsoever, as meadows, pastures, woods, waters, marshes, furze and heath. It has an indefinite extent upwards as well as downwards; therefore land, legally includes all houses and other buildings standing or built on it; and whatever is in a direct line between the surface and the centre of the earth, such as mines of metals and fossils. 1 Inst. 4 a; Wood's Inst. 120; 2 B1. Com. 18; 1 Cruise on Real Prop. 58. In a more confined sense, the word land is said to denote "frank tenement at the least." Shep. To. 92. In this sense, then, leaseholds cannot be said to be included under the word lands. 8 Madd. Rep. 635. The technical sense of the word land is farther explained by Sheppard, in his Touch. p. 88, thus: "if one be seised of some lands in fee, and possessed of other lands for years, all in one parish, and he grant all his lands in that parish (without naming them) in fee simple or for life; by this grant shall pass no, more but the lands he hath in fee simple." It is also said that land in its legal acceptation means arable land. 11 Co. 55 a. See also Cro. Car. 293; 2 P. Wms. 458, n.; 5 Ves. 476; 20 Vin. Ab. 203.
     2. Land, as above observed, includes in general all the buildings erected upon it; 9 Day, R. 374; but to this general rule there are some exceptions. It is true, that if a stranger voluntarily erect buildings on another's land, they will belong to the owner of the land, and will become a part of it; 16 Mass. R. 449; yet cases are, not wanting where it has been decided that such an erection, under peculiar circumstances, would be considered as personal property. 4 Mass. R. 514; 8 Pick. R. 283, 402; 5 Pick, R. 487; 6 N. H. Rep. 555; 2 Fairf. R. 371; 1 Dana, R. 591; 1 Burr. 144.

References in periodicals archive ?
C area on timely Strike, Land Attack and Air Defense subjects.
France plans nine versions of the 5600-tonne frigate as Action Vers la Terre (AVT) with its DCN Sylver launchers having, among other weapons, the MBDA Scalp Naval land attack missiles.
Some of the SSNs involved have the capability to carry the Tomahawk Land Attack Cruise Missile (TLAM).
Products and services on display will include the Advanced Gun System - Lite, Advanced Precision Kill Weapon System, the 155-millimeter Long Range Land Attack Projectile, 5-inch Long Range Land Attack Projectile, and 10-millimeter Electromagnetic Railgun.
Barry" McCullough III at the NDIA Strike, Land Attack, and Air Defense Division Annual Symposium in May.
8) weapon which has also been designed for the anti-ship role but is also capable of being used for land attack.
The DD(X) is the Navy's next-generation transformational surface combatant tailored for land attack in support of a ground campaign and maritime dominance.
Today, every air wing has the capability of employing standoff and through-the-weather precision weapons, such as the Stand-off Land Attack Missile-Expanded Response, Joint Stand-Off Weapon and Joint Direct Attack Munition.
In the defence sector, KONGSBERG offers niche products and capabilities such as the NSM and JSM anti-ship and land attack missiles, NASAMS air defence and C2 solutions, PROTECTOR Remote Weapon Station, composites and advanced aerostructures, and Simulation & Training solutions.
BAE Systems will build on its recent Long Range Land Attack Projectile and Multi-Service Standard Guided Projectile development and demonstration successes to apply innovative and proven designs to the next-generation projectile.
John Reilly, chairman of the National Defense industrial Association Association's Strike, Land Attack and Air Defense Division (above, left), presents the NDIA gold medal to retired Navy Vice Adm.
The leading force in the move from open ocean to littoral thinking is (unsurprisingly) the US Navy, which in 2001 abandoned its projected Zumwalt-class DD-21 destroyer concept in favour of the DD(X), designed to provide advanced land attack capability to assist the ground campaign (see the title picture which shows it firing its 155 mm United Defense Advanced Gun Systems: also note the 'tumblehome' hull form designed to reduced radar response).

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