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n. real property, real estate (and all that grows thereon), and the right to minerals underneath and the airspace over it. It may include improvements like buildings, but not necessarily. The owner of the land may give a long-term (like 99 years) lease to another with the right to build on it. The improvement is a "leasehold" for ownership of the right to use--without ownership of--the underlying land. The right to use the air above a parcel of land is subject to height limitations by local ordinance, state or federal law.

(See: real property, real estate)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.


not only the physical surface of land but everything growing on or underneath that surface, anything permanently affixed to the surface (such as a building) and the airspace above that surface. It includes not only the soil or earth but always any water, a pond, for example, being regarded as land covered by water. Land may be divisible both horizontally and vertically; thus, ownership of the surface may be vested in one person while ownership of mines and minerals are vested in another. It is perfectly possible to have ‘flying freeholds’, where ownership of different storeys of the same building are vested in different persons. Scotland has a developed law of the tenement which has been given an even more coherent statutory basis in the twenty-first century.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

LAND. This term comprehends any found, soil or earth whatsoever, as meadows, pastures, woods, waters, marshes, furze and heath. It has an indefinite extent upwards as well as downwards; therefore land, legally includes all houses and other buildings standing or built on it; and whatever is in a direct line between the surface and the centre of the earth, such as mines of metals and fossils. 1 Inst. 4 a; Wood's Inst. 120; 2 B1. Com. 18; 1 Cruise on Real Prop. 58. In a more confined sense, the word land is said to denote "frank tenement at the least." Shep. To. 92. In this sense, then, leaseholds cannot be said to be included under the word lands. 8 Madd. Rep. 635. The technical sense of the word land is farther explained by Sheppard, in his Touch. p. 88, thus: "if one be seised of some lands in fee, and possessed of other lands for years, all in one parish, and he grant all his lands in that parish (without naming them) in fee simple or for life; by this grant shall pass no, more but the lands he hath in fee simple." It is also said that land in its legal acceptation means arable land. 11 Co. 55 a. See also Cro. Car. 293; 2 P. Wms. 458, n.; 5 Ves. 476; 20 Vin. Ab. 203.
     2. Land, as above observed, includes in general all the buildings erected upon it; 9 Day, R. 374; but to this general rule there are some exceptions. It is true, that if a stranger voluntarily erect buildings on another's land, they will belong to the owner of the land, and will become a part of it; 16 Mass. R. 449; yet cases are, not wanting where it has been decided that such an erection, under peculiar circumstances, would be considered as personal property. 4 Mass. R. 514; 8 Pick. R. 283, 402; 5 Pick, R. 487; 6 N. H. Rep. 555; 2 Fairf. R. 371; 1 Dana, R. 591; 1 Burr. 144.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
The most logical move might be to create a nuclear variant of the next-generation land attack weapon rather than a totally different system, he added.
For example, to carry out its primary mission of land attacks, DD(X) must be able to strike land targets from distances of up to 83 nautical miles (about 96 miles)--a capability requiring a level of accuracy and range not yet achieved in naval gunfire.
Land attack cruise missiles are highly accurate, suggesting that even a conventionally armed missile could strike significant targets, such as airfields.
Should there be a massacre in Falluja -- which is the likely result of a major air and land attack -- is it going to win the hearts of the population and allow anything approaching a fair election to take place -- won't it lead to misery and a long-term hatred of the West?
Louis, MO) Standoff Land Attack Missile-Expanded Response (SLAM-ER) team successfully demonstrated its new retargeting capability recently at Point Mugu, CA.
The system comprises the joint service AMRAAM missile mounted on a high mobility multiwheeled vehicle; a new Integrated Fire Control Station (IFCS), which is netted to the Army already-fielded Sentinel radar; the Army's future Joint Land Attack Cruise Missile Defense Elevated Netted Sensor System and the Marine Corps' future Multi-role Radar System.
The Ministry of Defence said it had agreed with the United States government to buy 64 upgraded Tomahawk Land Attack Missiles.
Of great concern to me was our difficulty in detecting and defending against air breathing land attack missiles.
Contributions in updated Hellfire missile testing, overland strike capability in the Standoff Land Attack Missile-Expanded Response missile, improvements in increasing the ASW detection and hunting capabilities of our aircraft, and EP-3 software upgrades provide some of the necessary tools for protecting our nation against today's threats.
THE 40 and 42 Commandos saw their first action just a day into the war in Iraq as part of the first land attack.
Navy's 5th Fleet launched Tomahawk Land Attack Missiles (TLAMs) March 19, as Operation Iraqi Freedom began.
BAGHDAD is ringed by a "hornets' nest" of heavy artillery to defend the city from air and land attack, military planners revealed yesterday.