trade union

(redirected from Labor organization)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Financial, Encyclopedia.

Trade Union

An organization of workers in the same skilled occupation or related skilled occupations who act together to secure for all members favorable wages, hours, and other working conditions.

Trade unions in the United States were first organized in the early nineteenth century. The main purpose of a trade union is to collectively bargain with employers for wages, hours, and working conditions. Until the 1930s trade unions were at a severe disadvantage with management, mainly because few laws recognized the right of workers to organize. With the passage of the National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act) of 1935 (29 U.S.C.A. § 151 et seq.), the right of employees to form, join, or aid labor unions was recognized by the federal government.

Trade unions are entitled to conduct a strike against employers. A strike is usually the last resort of a trade union, but when negotiations have reached an impasse, a strike may be the only bargaining tool left for employees.

There are two principal types of trade unions: craft unions and industrial unions. Craft unions are composed of workers performing a specific trade, such as electricians, carpenters, plumbers, or printers. Industrial union workers include all workers in a specific industry, no matter what their trade, such as automobile or steel workers. In the United States, craft and industrial unions were represented by different national labor organizations until 1955. The craft unions that dominated the american federation of labor (AFL) opposed organizing industrial workers.

During the 1930s several AFL unions seeking a national organization of industrial workers formed the Committee for Industrial Organization (CIO). The CIO aggressively organized millions of industrial workers who labored in automobile, steel, and rubber plants. In 1938 the AFL expelled the unions that had formed the CIO. The CIO then formed its own organization and changed its name to Congress of Industrial Organizations. In 1955 the AFL and CIO merged into a single organization, the AFL-CIO.

Membership in U.S. trade unions has fallen since the 1950s, as the number of workers in the manufacturing sector of the U.S. economy has steadily declined. Union membership in 1995 comprised just 14.9 percent of the workforce, compared with a high of 34.7 percent in 1954.


Collective Bargaining; Labor Law.

trade union

an organization (whether permanent or temporary) that consists wholly or mainly of workers all in an organization whose principal purposes include the regulation of relations between workers and employers. It is not to be treated as a body corporate but it may sue or be sued in its own name. Special rights and privileges accrue to a union that is certified as independent by the Certification Officer, who must also maintain a list of unions. The main legal benefit a union has over other bodies is the immunity that it and its members and officials have against many tort actions. However, aside from the GOLDEN FORMULAE, which must be satisfied, recent restrictions require action that is sought to be immune to be founded upon open and fair balloting of members.
References in periodicals archive ?
Privately, some university administrators bristle at the notion of national labor organizations sinking their teeth into academia--an area that, at least ostensibly, such organizations know little about.
International labor organizations believe the government is using forced labor to build infrastructure around the country.
23 Kyodo South Korea's Labor Ministry on Tuesday legalized the Korean Confederation of Trade Unions (KCTU), the more progressive of the two nationwide labor organizations, the ministry said.
2) The suspects were officers or employees of the labor organization.
The Fund brought an action in Federal district court seeking a refund of those taxes, on the grounds that the Fund was an exempt labor organization under Sec.
and, if yes, (2) Did the employer by its conduct vis-a-vis the labor organization dominate or interfere with the formation or administration of that labor organization or contribute support to it?
Under current labor law, any labor organization that seeks to represent a group of employees must first demonstrate employee interest in the union.
Nassar Al-Rubaie and Director General of Arab Labor Organization Ahmed Luqman.
TEHRAN (FNA)- Iranian Labor Minister Ali Rabiee left Tehran for Geneva, Switzerland, on Monday to take part in the 103rd Meeting of the International Labor Organization (ILO).
Summary: The International Labor Organization and Lebanon's Labor Ministry launched a public consultation on the state of the labor market Wednesday ahead of a joint report that examines employment creation.
Khartoum, May 9 (SUNA) - Africa Regional Director of the International Labor Organization (ILO) Charles Dan called on the Organization of African Trade Union Unity (OATUU) to participate effectively in making policies that assert the rights of the workers and make available working opportunities for YouthDan addressed Monday the inaugural sitting of a Workshop on recruitment of Youth, Democracy and Good Governance in Africa, held Monday at the Friendship Hall by the OATUU in collaboration with Sudan Workers Trade Unions Federation and the International Labor Organization, calling on African countries to consider the human cadres needs for labor markets when making their education policesHe explained that 2.
7% the year before, according to the International Labor Organization (ILO).