trade union

(redirected from Labour unions)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Financial, Encyclopedia.

Trade Union

An organization of workers in the same skilled occupation or related skilled occupations who act together to secure for all members favorable wages, hours, and other working conditions.

Trade unions in the United States were first organized in the early nineteenth century. The main purpose of a trade union is to collectively bargain with employers for wages, hours, and working conditions. Until the 1930s trade unions were at a severe disadvantage with management, mainly because few laws recognized the right of workers to organize. With the passage of the National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act) of 1935 (29 U.S.C.A. § 151 et seq.), the right of employees to form, join, or aid labor unions was recognized by the federal government.

Trade unions are entitled to conduct a strike against employers. A strike is usually the last resort of a trade union, but when negotiations have reached an impasse, a strike may be the only bargaining tool left for employees.

There are two principal types of trade unions: craft unions and industrial unions. Craft unions are composed of workers performing a specific trade, such as electricians, carpenters, plumbers, or printers. Industrial union workers include all workers in a specific industry, no matter what their trade, such as automobile or steel workers. In the United States, craft and industrial unions were represented by different national labor organizations until 1955. The craft unions that dominated the american federation of labor (AFL) opposed organizing industrial workers.

During the 1930s several AFL unions seeking a national organization of industrial workers formed the Committee for Industrial Organization (CIO). The CIO aggressively organized millions of industrial workers who labored in automobile, steel, and rubber plants. In 1938 the AFL expelled the unions that had formed the CIO. The CIO then formed its own organization and changed its name to Congress of Industrial Organizations. In 1955 the AFL and CIO merged into a single organization, the AFL-CIO.

Membership in U.S. trade unions has fallen since the 1950s, as the number of workers in the manufacturing sector of the U.S. economy has steadily declined. Union membership in 1995 comprised just 14.9 percent of the workforce, compared with a high of 34.7 percent in 1954.

Cross-references

Collective Bargaining; Labor Law.

trade union

an organization (whether permanent or temporary) that consists wholly or mainly of workers all in an organization whose principal purposes include the regulation of relations between workers and employers. It is not to be treated as a body corporate but it may sue or be sued in its own name. Special rights and privileges accrue to a union that is certified as independent by the Certification Officer, who must also maintain a list of unions. The main legal benefit a union has over other bodies is the immunity that it and its members and officials have against many tort actions. However, aside from the GOLDEN FORMULAE, which must be satisfied, recent restrictions require action that is sought to be immune to be founded upon open and fair balloting of members.
References in periodicals archive ?
Alba Trade Union paid tribute to HRH the Premier for the move, hailing the firm decisions he had taken ever since the Bahrain Free Labour Unions Federation (BFLUF) was established.
20, 2014 /PRNewswire/ - Atlatsa Resources Corporation ("Atlatsa" or the "Company") (TSX, NYSE MKT, JSE: ATL) is pleased to announce that Bokoni Platinum Mines (Proprietary) Limited ("Bokoni Mine") has reached a two-year wage agreement with its recognised labour union bodies, the National Union of Mineworkers ("NUM"), Togetherness Amalgamated Workers Union of South Africa ("TAWUSA") and United Association of South Africa ("UASA") in relation to their respective members employed at the Bokoni Mine.
The labour union representatives explained that there has been a long-running discussion between government officials, employers and labour unions regarding the new labour law which was delayed due to differences on some provisions.
HSBC (LSE: HSBA) and labour unions have agreed to arbitration over the transfer of employees.
Volvo AB (Volvo) (NASDAQ: VOLV) (STO: VOLVA) (STO: VOLVB), a Sweden-based automaker, has reached an agreement with the labour unions in western Sweden.
This article discusses how men benefit much more from labour unions than women, and what significant policy changes must be made in order for women to gain more working rights.
Labour unions are making demands for an across the board increase in salaries throughout Switzerland.