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A person, who through a regular program of study, is learned in legal matters and has been licensed to practice his or her profession. Any qualified person who prosecutes or defends causes in courts of record or other judicial tribunals of the United States, or of any of the states, or who renders legal advice or assistance in relation to any cause or matter. Unless a contrary meaning is plainly indicated this term is synonymous with attorney, attorney at law, or counselor at law.

Each of the 50 states employs admissions committees or boards to review the backgrounds of prospective attorneys before they are admitted to practice. Each state also has adopted codes of conduct or disciplinary rules and has appointed adjudicative boards to address Attorney Misconduct. But these measures only weed out or discipline those who have violated laws or those who are otherwise unfit to practice law. They have done little to address the day-to-day civility and conduct of attorneys in their practice. In that regard, the behavior and conduct of peers and colleagues within the profession often impose more palpable influences on newly practicing attorneys than any standards or codes of ethics that they may have learned in law school.

A focus of a new movement in several states is not only to crack down on professional misconduct per se, but also to stem borderline conduct before it becomes an ethical violation. U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice william rehnquist, addressing new graduates from the University of Virginia School of Law in June 2001, remarked that incivility remained one of the greatest threats to the ideals of American justice and to the public's trust in the law. The conduct of former president bill clinton was considered to have seriously contributed to the harming of public confidence and trust in the legal profession because of his subjective approach to answering questions under oath and other improprieties associated with the legal aspects of his administration.

The American Bar Association (ABA) and lawyers' groups in more than a dozen states have joined in the movement to improve not only civility and courtesy among lawyers, but also the public's perception of the profession. Ultimately, the goal of these efforts is to ensure that attorneys have an unequivocal, current, and realistic standard of conduct and ethics to rely upon as a valid guide for their profession.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

LAWYER. A counselor; one learned in the law. Vide attorney.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
But as per the reports posted on the apex court's website, the committee had received just two complaints in the last two years from lady lawyers In both cases the accused were let off lightly.
It was the '70s and jurors weren't accustomed to seeing "lady lawyers" in trial, so Pariente was counseled to wear her long hair up in a businesslike bun.
With Acosta taking center stage in the investigation of the claims of some parents that their child may have been innocent victims of Dengvaxia vaccination, we are wont to ask if the lady lawyer is a medico-legal expert or a pathologist.
The two people on board passed away on the spot identified as Basher Khan and Sohail while two persons including Abrar Ahmed and Tehmeena Ishfaq a lady lawyer sustain injuries.
This is the first volume of a series featuring lady lawyer Kristen Kerry and Clark's readers will look eagerly toward his next Kristen Kerry novel.
"There's a talk from a consultant explaining exactly what MS is and a talk from a lady lawyer with MS, who gives lots of facts about your rights and benefits and so on.
Helped by a fiery lady lawyer (Bridget Fonda) the young aide battles his way through a web of bent judges, big business greed, and power-hungry politicians to keep his boss afloat in a murky sea.
A lady lawyer who was waiting for her text mate died when stabbed by unidentified assailant early yesterday morning in Las Pinas City.
While the survey found that 73 percent of respondents indicated they were satisfied with their legal careers, YLD leaders were surprised by the volume of anecdotal comments returned with the survey, including young women lawyers being referred to as "blondie," "little lady lawyer," "honey," "sweetheart," and other similar terms by judges and attorneys, inside and outside of the courtroom.
Then Cundo retains his lady lawyer to bring an appeal for Jack.
Diane herself has a penchant for powerful vehicles but, since driving is one of thetwo subjects over which I have learnt never to criticise a lady (let alone a lady lawyer), I leave it there1 1 1 I hear that most of the Birmingham commercial property world in Cannes for the MIPIM event saw their departure held up because of a civil service strike.