land

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land

n. real property, real estate (and all that grows thereon), and the right to minerals underneath and the airspace over it. It may include improvements like buildings, but not necessarily. The owner of the land may give a long-term (like 99 years) lease to another with the right to build on it. The improvement is a "leasehold" for ownership of the right to use--without ownership of--the underlying land. The right to use the air above a parcel of land is subject to height limitations by local ordinance, state or federal law.

(See: real property, real estate)

land

not only the physical surface of land but everything growing on or underneath that surface, anything permanently affixed to the surface (such as a building) and the airspace above that surface. It includes not only the soil or earth but always any water, a pond, for example, being regarded as land covered by water. Land may be divisible both horizontally and vertically; thus, ownership of the surface may be vested in one person while ownership of mines and minerals are vested in another. It is perfectly possible to have ‘flying freeholds’, where ownership of different storeys of the same building are vested in different persons. Scotland has a developed law of the tenement which has been given an even more coherent statutory basis in the twenty-first century.

LAND. This term comprehends any found, soil or earth whatsoever, as meadows, pastures, woods, waters, marshes, furze and heath. It has an indefinite extent upwards as well as downwards; therefore land, legally includes all houses and other buildings standing or built on it; and whatever is in a direct line between the surface and the centre of the earth, such as mines of metals and fossils. 1 Inst. 4 a; Wood's Inst. 120; 2 B1. Com. 18; 1 Cruise on Real Prop. 58. In a more confined sense, the word land is said to denote "frank tenement at the least." Shep. To. 92. In this sense, then, leaseholds cannot be said to be included under the word lands. 8 Madd. Rep. 635. The technical sense of the word land is farther explained by Sheppard, in his Touch. p. 88, thus: "if one be seised of some lands in fee, and possessed of other lands for years, all in one parish, and he grant all his lands in that parish (without naming them) in fee simple or for life; by this grant shall pass no, more but the lands he hath in fee simple." It is also said that land in its legal acceptation means arable land. 11 Co. 55 a. See also Cro. Car. 293; 2 P. Wms. 458, n.; 5 Ves. 476; 20 Vin. Ab. 203.
     2. Land, as above observed, includes in general all the buildings erected upon it; 9 Day, R. 374; but to this general rule there are some exceptions. It is true, that if a stranger voluntarily erect buildings on another's land, they will belong to the owner of the land, and will become a part of it; 16 Mass. R. 449; yet cases are, not wanting where it has been decided that such an erection, under peculiar circumstances, would be considered as personal property. 4 Mass. R. 514; 8 Pick. R. 283, 402; 5 Pick, R. 487; 6 N. H. Rep. 555; 2 Fairf. R. 371; 1 Dana, R. 591; 1 Burr. 144.

References in periodicals archive ?
Landes grew up in Philadelphia, and by the age of 10 had taught himself guitar listening to Beatles records.
If Landes has a message, it is that family businesses are not only an integral part of the modern American economy (one third of the Fortune 500 companies, he notes, are family controlled or have founding families involved in management), but are also indispensable for the economic development of Africa, the Arab Middle East, much of South Asia, and much of South America.
Landes says the AICPA has no current plans to amend AU 9326, and notes that with the creation of the PCAOB, the AICPA no longer has authority for audits of public companies.
Landes: The ASB is working on more projects than at any time in nearly five years.
We also carry jewelry, and we do specialty balloons by request," Landes said.
Landes' statement in the first page of her Foreword that "Among the Ojibwa only the male half of the population and its activities fall under the traditional regulations, while the female half is left to spontaneous and confused behavior," seems to defy her considerable data.
Landes's theme will outrage the politically correct: "Over the thousand and more of years...that most people look upon as progress, the key factor - the driving force - has been Western civilization and its dissemination." There.
In contrast (not total) to the above, CEHW begins with a chapter of definitions and concepts, followed by three chapters of "narrative" devoted to ancient times, medieval Europe, and "Non-Western Economies on the Eve of Western Expansion." As with Wealth and Poverty, the sustained narrative begins with chapter five, the recovery of Europe from the Black Death, and continues with chapters on "Economic Nationalism and Imperialism" and "The Rise of Modern Industry." It is here that the interpretations diverge, with Landes taking the traditional view.
Rather than honest modes of analysis, in the author's view, these tend to be exercises in blame-laying and moral self-approbation, in which "motive trumps truth" and "audiences know the answers in advance." Preferring "truth to goodthink," Landes skewers the canons of today's academic avant-garde as so much bunkum.
Yet in the end I felt as cheated by Landes as I did by The Commanding Heights.
MARION -- One year after they were hired by the Marion Unit 2 Board of Education, Digital Literacy teachers Jess Landes and Kerri Young were back before the board on Tuesday night to give a report on their progress.