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Part 2 provides more detailed analysis of issues raised in Part 1, such as organization and representation problems, bargaining weapons, agreements, race and sex discrimination, antitrust, and emergency labor disputes, as well as new issues since the passage of the Landrum-Griffin Act in 1959.
He speaks in particular about the barriers thrown up by the passage of the Taft-Hartley Act in 1947 and the Landrum-Griffin Act in 1959, both of which ushered in new institutional constraints for unionists.
These may include violations of members' free speech and due process rights under the Landrum-Griffin Act; improper exercise of union discipline including fines, disqualification from union office, and suspension or expulsion from the union; unlawful campaign tactics; and outright theft of union-officer elections.
During the 1980s, the Association amended several policies to comply with the Landrum-Griffin Act, a federal statute that made it illegal to guarantee minority representation.
Corruption in labor brought forth the Landrum-Griffin Act. This Act guarantees a worker's Bill of Rights, regulates union elections, and requires officers to act as trustees for the membership.
The Landrum-Griffin Act of 1959 stipulates that unions must file reports on where they spend their money, but many of the specifics regarding just what must be reported are left to Labor Department regulations.
Third, unions are bound by the regulation of labor laws, such as the Landrum-Griffin Act of 1959, requiring that they hold democratic elections, so they are often caught on the double pincers of a white male majority constituency versus advocacy of minority rights.
While Crowe does not criticize the government explicitly, he provides further evidence of decades of failure on the part of authorities responsible, since the Landrum-Griffin Act of 1957, for ensuring democratic control of unions.
Third, the Landrum-Griffin Act of 1959 requires labor consultants (the polite phrase for union busters) to file financial disclosures with the Secretary of Labor.