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Decreased activation of the lateral geniculate nucleus in a patient with anisometropic amblyopia demonstrated by functional magnetic resonance imaging.
Two of the main lemnothalamic pathways are shown from the dorsal column nuclei to the nucleus dorsalis intermedius ventralis anterior (DIVA) and from retinal ganglion cells directly to the dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (DLGN), a nucleus previously referred to in birds as the nucleus opticus principalis thalami, or OPT.
The lateral geniculate nucleus of the visual thalamus isolates three specialized outputs from the eyes that are partially segregated in their relay to the primary visual cortex and in their distribution from V1 to additional visual areas (Figure 1).

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