Law School Admission Test


Also found in: Acronyms, Wikipedia.

Law School Admission Test

The Law School Admission Test (LSAT) was first given in 1948 and started to gain prominence in the late 1960s. By the 1980s, when the number of applications to law schools began to rise, it became a standard part of the law school admission process. The test is administered by the Law School Admission Council (LSAC), which is a nonprofit, nonstock corporation with 193 member law schools in the United States and Canada. All members require the LSAT as part of the admission process.

The LSAT is a half-day, six-part test that contains one thirty-minute writing sample and five thirty-five-minute multiple-choice sections. The writing sample is not scored, but is sent to each school to which the student applies. One of the multiple-choice sections (the taker does not know which one) is not scored, but is used to test possible future questions.

The multiple-choice sections are organized into different types of questions: reading comprehension, critical reasoning, and analysis of others' reasoning. These sections are designed to test skills that are important in law school, such as the ability to read complex text with accuracy and draw inferences.

Law schools use applicants' LSAT scores, along with other criteria, to decide who to admit. Some schools require a minimum LSAT score for acceptance. Others use a formula in which the LSAT score is multiplied and then added to the undergraduate grade point average for a total score that helps them decide which students to admit. Still others use the LSAT score to help them make their decision, but have no hard-and-fast rules regarding a minimum score.

Like all standardized tests, the LSAT is intended to be a fair, objective test of the abilities of prospective law students. Most data indicate that the score on the LSAT is a reliable predictor for success during the first year of law school, although it may not be in an individual case.

Since the 1970s the main criticism of the LSAT has come from those who think the test is biased against women and minorities. These critics assert that the information in the test questions, as well as the perspective of the test as a whole, caters to a white male background and viewpoint. A 1995 study by the LSAC showed that women tend to score lower than men on the LSAT and perform slightly below men in their first year of law school. Despite the criticism the LSAT continues to be a primary gatekeeper to law school and the legal profession.

Cross-references

Legal Education.

References in periodicals archive ?
"The Law School Admission Test as a Barrier to almost Twenty years of Affirmative Action".
"Law School Admission Test," September 1995, Law School Admission Council.
In this decision, the court struck down an affirmative action plan at the University of Texas Law School that admitted some African-American and Mexican-American students with lower grade-point averages and Law School Admission Test scores than white applicants who were not admitted.
Indeed the law school's rating system was set up in such a way that the same "Texas Index Score" (a combination of college grade-point average and Law School Admission Test scores) that placed underrepresented minorities - blacks and Latinos - among the "presumptively admitted" put white applicants among the "presumptively rejected." The system was driven not by a search for real diversity, the court found but by the wish to get a certain proportion of blacks and Latinos into each class.
In a memorandum circular dated March 19, the LEB said: "The administration of the Philippine Law School Admission Test on April 7, 2019 has not been restrained and will proceed as scheduled." The memorandum was signed by LEB Chairman Emerson Aquende and was posted on his Facebook account.
The Legal Education Board (LEB) on Tuesday announced that it will push through as scheduled with the Philippine Law School Admission Test (PhilSat) next month.
The Philippine Law School Admission Test (Philsat) imposed by the Legal Education Board (LEB) as a requirement for students' enrolment in law schools in the country is legal and constitutional, Solicitor General Jose C.
She took the Law School Admission Test two weeks after her arrest but delayed applying to law school because of the uncertainty about her future.
LSAC was founded in 1947 concurrent with the creation of the Law School Admission Test (LSAT[R]), which remains its best-known product.
Steve Berlin's becoming an attorney while in the service will be amazed that he took something called the Law School Admission Test, the acronym of which is, of course, LSAT.
Cooley Law School in Oakland, Mich., says it was the activism of Baynes and former NBA president Reginald Turner that spurred him to write "Misuse of the Law School Admission Test." In the article, he suggests that law schools that raise their minimum LSAT scores face an increasing likelihood of lawsuits from Blacks claiming the test is discriminatory.
Bond recalls having to sign up for the Law School Admission Test less than one week after deciding to change careers.

Full browser ?