tort

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tort

n. French for wrong, a civil wrong, or wrongful act, whether intentional or accidental, from which injury occurs to another. Torts include all negligence cases as well as intentional wrongs which result in harm. Therefore tort law is one of the major areas of law (along with contract, real property and criminal law), and results in more civil litigation than any other category. Some intentional torts may also be crimes such as assault, battery, wrongful death, fraud, conversion (a euphemism for theft), and trespass on property and form the basis for a lawsuit for damages by the injured party. Defamation, including intentionally telling harmful untruths about another, either by print or broadcast (libel) or orally (slander), is a tort and used to be a crime as well. (See: negligence, damages, assault, battery, fraud, wrongful death, conversion, trespass, defamation, libel, slander)

tort

noun breach of legal duty, civil wrong, dereliccion of duty, error, fault, invasion of a legal right, legal wrong, malfeasance, misdeed, misdoing, misfeasance, negligent act, personal wrong, private wrong, transgression, violation of a legal duty, wrong, wrongdoing, wrongful act
Associated concepts: action founded in tort, comparative negligence, continuing tort, contributory negligence, foreeeeable consequences, intentional tort, prima facie tort, proximate cause, standard of care, strict liability in tort, successive torts, tort feasor, tortious act, tortious conduct
See also: delict, delinquency, misconduct

tort

a civil wrong. Tortious liability arises from the breach of a duty fixed by law; this duty is towards persons generally and its breach is redressable by an action for unliquidated damages. It is part of the English law of obligations along with contract and restitution. See also ANIMAL LIABILITY, CONVERSION, DUTY OF CARE, ECONOMIC LOSS, ECONOMIC TORTS, EMPLOYER'S LIABILITY, FAULT, NEGLIGENCE, NUISANCE, OCCUPIER'S LIABILITY, PRODUCT LIABILITY, STRICT LIABILITY, TRESPASS, TROVER.

TORT. An injury; a wrong; (q.v.) hence the expression an executor de son tort, of his own wrong. Co. Lit. 158.
     2. Torts may be committed with force, as trespasses, which may be an injury to the person, such as assault, battery, imprisonment; to the property in possession; or they may be committed without force. Torts of this nature are to the absolute or relative rights of persons, or to personal property in possession or reversion, or to real property, corporeal or encorporeal, in possession or reversion: these injuries may be either by nonfeasance, malfeasance, or misfeasance. 1 Chit. Pl. 133-4. Vide 1 Fonb. Eq. 4; Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t.; and the article Injury.

References in periodicals archive ?
In the early nineteenth century and before, it was the poor law which was the principal legal provision for the victims of serious accidents at work, not the law of tort.
WAGNER, The Law of Torts in the Draft Common Frame of Reference, en ID.
In the law of torts, derivative claims are not merely "unusual"; they are not recognized.
It was promoted in the belief that it would provide a utile starting point for developing a conceptually adequate understanding of the law of tort.
In that year the English practitioner text, Clerk and Lindsell on the Law of Torts appears as a reference text (79) but more importantly, William Prosser's Handbook of the Law of Tort, an American publication, also appears.
129) In imposing a regime of civil tort liability, rather than letting the matter be resolved by contract, they held that "[t]he law of torts is directed toward compensation" and that "[t]ort law also serves the 'prophylactic' purpose of preventing future harm; payment of damages provides a strong incentive to prevent the occurrence of harm.
27) Vicarious Liability in the Law of Torts (London: Butterworths, 1967) at 20 and 124.
27) Pollock was even more scathing--in a review of Winfield's Province of the Law of Tort written some years after Addison's death, he dismissed Addison as someone "for whose judgment nobody now cares a farthing", declared that Addison's "book on Tort was only less bad than his book on Contracts," and went on to take a swipe at those "who see nothing but shreds and patches in the law of civil wrongs.
The law of torts is concerned primarily with ensuring compensation for loss, hot for vindicating rights.
Part I begins with a brief background on the law of torts as well as a short summary of currents trends in tort theory today.
In the last few months, several articles have considered the different ways in which the law of torts and criminal law interact.
The (or even a) principal point of the law of torts cannot be to mitigate moral luck.