Laws of oleron

LAWS OF OLERON, maritime law. A code of sea laws of deserved celebrity. It was originally promulgated by Eleanor, duchess of Guienne, the mother of Richard the First of England. Returning from the Holy Land, and familiar with the maritime regulations of the Archipelago, she enacted these laws at Oleron in Guienne, and they derive their title from the place of their publication. The language in which they were originally written is the Gascon, and their first object appears to have been the commercial operations of that part of France only. Richard I., of England, who inherited the dukedom of Guienne from his mother, improved this code, and introduced it into England. Some additions were made to it by King John; it was promulgated anew in the 50th year of Henry III., and received its ultimate confirmation in the 12th year of Edward III. Brown's Civ. and Adm. Law, vol. ii. p. 40.
     2. These laws are inserted in the beginning of the book entitled "Us et Coutumes de la Mer," with a very excellent commentary on each section by Clairac, the learned editor. A translation is to be found in the Appendix to 1 Pet. Adm. Dec.; Marsh. Ins. B. 1, c. 1, p. 16. See Laws of Wisbuy: Laws of the Hanse Towns; Code

References in periodicals archive ?
He often cited historical precedent in Roman law and the Laws of Oleron.
To substantiate his conclusion that a vessel may be an in rem defendant for the purpose of enforcing a maritime lien, (20) he would refer to the time before "the Elizabethan era," (21) and to support his conclusion that a compulsory pilot should be classified as a seaman for Jones Act purposes, (22) he would refer to Roman law and the Laws of Oleron.
181) Throughout his text, Abbott regularly made reference to the Laws of Oleron, (182) the Laws of Wisbuy, (183) the Laws of the Hanse Towns, (184) and the 1681 Ordonnance de la Marine du Mois d'Aoust of Louis XIV.
The Laws of Oleron have had a pronounced influence on the early development of English maritime law principles and, accordingly, on principles that are encompassed in Canadian maritime law.
195) This book consisted of several parts, including one containing "the famous laws of Oleron in extenso.
I refer to the Consolato del Mare, the Laws of Oleron, the Ordonnances of Wisbuy, the Siete Partidas, the Black Book of the Admiralty, the Jugemens de Damme, and others of the same period.
That is to say, universal maritime customs, the sea laws, which were recognised by the different maritime countries, more especially as formulated in the celebrated Judgments of the Sea or Laws of Oleron and the Consulate of the Sea, and the civil law, formed the basis of its powers, though as time went on doctrines known to and acted on by the Common Law judges gradually became mingled with its old maritime principles.
210) By Roman law, freight was not payable where the completion of the voyage was prevented by sea perils, (211) and the right of a shipowner to a lien for unpaid freight has been traced both to the Laws of Oleron and the Consolato del Mare.
224) The maritime concept of jettison is traceable to the Laws of Oleron and perhaps to the Laws of the Rhodians.
The authority and influence of the Laws of Oleron upon maritime law and legislation in western Europe was illustrated by Judge Ashur Ware in The Dawn (1841), 36 Am.
Lord Mansfield also examined the Consolato del Mare, the Laws of Oleron, the Laws of Hanse Towns, the Laws of Wisbuy, and the Ordonnance of Louis XIV.
While it is unclear whether the Consolato predated the Laws of Oleron, both are of considerable antiquity.