litter

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litter

the offence committed where a person throws down, drops or otherwise deposits any litter in any place to which this law applies and leaves it. The law applies to any place in the area of a principal litter authority which is open to the air, unless the public does not have access to it, with or without payment. It is immaterial whether the litter is deposited on land or in water. Litter expressly includes the discarded ends of cigarettes, cigars and like products, and discarded chewing-gum and the discarded remains of other products designed for chewing.
References in periodicals archive ?
This study investigated the differences in leaf litter decomposition between Lonicera maackii (an invasive shrub) and two native woody species (A.
Heavily mulched areas and areas covered with leaf litter were visually inspected.
Elated, my niece lifts it gently from the leaf litter.
In coastal ecosystems, these crustaceans determine the recruitment rate of some plant species by means of propagule predation, recycling of nutrients stored in the ecosystem by consuming leaf litter and increase of soil aeration through burrow construction (Louda and Zedler, 1985; Bertness, 1986; Robertson and Daniels, 1989; O'Dowd and Lake, 1991; Kellman and Delfosse, 1993; Green et al, 1997; Green et al.
Thus, our analysis predicts that leaf litter from evergreen species growing in temperate fens and bogs will decompose slower and release less nutrients than the litter from other growth forms.
The surface distribution of mineral soil, accumulated leaf litter (a year since fire had consumed standing leaf litter), and proteoid root mats was also plotted.
We compare the differences in physical, chemical, and biological impacts between riparian and other systems; and we discuss the effects of leaf litter on the structure and dynamics of riparian vegetation.
Erin Lindquist, professor at Meredith College and co-author of the published synthesis said if land crabs were removed from these coastal ecosystems, soil nutrient levels may decrease due to the decreased rates of litter decomposition (land crabs move leaf litter into their burrows thereby increasing litter decomposition and increasing nutrient return to the soil) which in turn, may limit plant growth," according to the published study.
In many terrestrial forests ecosystems, leaf litter makes up a significant source of unavailable nutrients added to the soil (Klotzbucher et al.
Mr Hughes said he deliberately dropped the stones "amongst leaf litter and grass" at the side of the path and said he was "stunned" to be fined PS80.
They naturally overwinter in crevices of bark on trees and in piles of leaf litter.
Mangrove trees, particularly their leaf litter, filter copper out of soil and water in Indonesia