Informed Consent

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Related to Legal consent: age of consent

Informed Consent

Assent to permit an occurrence, such as surgery, that is based on a complete disclosure of facts needed to make the decision intelligently, such as knowledge of the risks entailed or alternatives.

The name for a fundamental principle of law that a physician has a duty to reveal what a reasonably prudent physician in the medical community employing reasonable care would reveal to a patient as to whatever reasonably foreseeable risks of harm might result from a proposed course of treatment. This disclosure must be afforded so that a patient—exercising ordinary care for his or her own welfare and confronted with a choice of undergoing the proposed treatment, alternative treatment, or none at all—can intelligently exercise judgment by reasonably Balancing the probable risks against the probable benefits.

informed consent

n. agreement to do something or to allow something to happen only after all the relevant facts are known. In contracts, an agreement may be reached only if there has been full disclosure by both parties of everything each party knows which is significant to the agreement. A patient's consent to a medical procedure must be based on his/her having been told all the possible consequences, except in emergency cases when such consent cannot be obtained. A physician or dentist who does not tell all the possible bad news as well as the good, operates at his/her peril of a lawsuit if anything goes wrong. In criminal law, a person accused or even suspected of a crime cannot give up his/her legal rights such as remaining silent or having an attorney, unless he/she has been fully informed of his/her rights. (See: consent, Miranda warning)

References in periodicals archive ?
The age of legal consent has fluctuated throughout history, and still differs among the states.
Professor Westen takes pains to remind his readers throughout his chapters on factual consent that a finding of factual consent does not exhaust the question of whether there was legal consent, for while factual attitudinal consent is a core requirement for legal consent, it is not sufficient for legal consent, and hence, we need not fear that in saying that Wilson factually consented to intercourse we are simultaneously saying that she was not raped.
We are working very closely with the Environment Agency which regulates the rivers and in shore waters to ensure that they meet water quality standards and that any discharge meets the legal consent.
The BASC have the knowledge and ability to cull the birds on behalf of angling interests who have been allowed to do so by obtaining the necessary legal consent, and they will even help anglers complete the application forms.
Although many doctors prefer it if both partners are happy about any sterilisation procedure, legal consent of one partner is not a requirement, but do make sure that you've had plenty of time to talk if your husband sticks to his guns about having the op.
Another important issue is that legal consent must be obtained prior to hospitalization.
On Monday, Adams issued a letter admitting that he and Breedlove had a sexual relationship that began shortly after Breedlove turned 18, the age of legal consent.
We are looking at what assistance the council could potentially give in terms of getting it reopened, but there are a number of complex legal consents that would have to be granted in order for this to happen, and it is too early to say if this will be possible.
This transaction is subject to 30 days no-shop clause and certain conditions, including satisfactory completion of financial due diligence and obtaining certain legal consents.