Legitime


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LEGITIME, civil law. That portion of a parent's estate of which he cannot disinherit his children, without a legal cause. The civil code of Louisiana declares that donations inter vivos or mortis causa cannot exceed two-thirds of the property of the disposer if he leaves at his decease a legitimate child; one half if he leaves two children; and one-third if he leaves three or a greater number. Under the name of children are included descendants of whatever degree they may be; it must be understood that they are only counted for the child they represent. Civil. Code of Lo. art. 1480.
     3. Donation inter vivos or mortis causa, cannot exceed two-thirds of the property if the disposer having no children have a father, mother, or both. Id. art. 1481. Where there are no descendants, and in case of the previous decease of the father and mother, donations inter vivos and mortis causa, may, in general, be made of the whole amount of the property of the disposer. Id. art. 1483. The Code Civil makes nearly similar provisions. Code Civ. L. 3, t. 2, c. 3, s. 1, art. 913 to 919.
     4. In Holland, Germany, and Spain, the principles of the Falcidian law, more or less limited, have been generally adopted. Coop. Just. 616.
     5. In the United States, other than Louisiana and in England, there is no restriction on the right of bequeathing. But this power of bequeathing did not originally extend to all a man's personal estate; on the contrary, by the common law, as it stood in the reign of Henry II, a man's goods were to be divided into three equal parts, one of which went to his heirs or lineal descendants, another to his wife, and the third was at his own disposal; or if he died without a wife, he might then dispose of one moiety, and the other went to his children; and so e converso if he had no children, the wife was entitled to one moiety, and he might bequeath the other; but if he died without either wife or issue, the whole was at his own disposal. Glanv. 1. 2, c. 6;, Bract. 1. 2, c. 26. The shares of the wife and children were called their reasonable part. 2 Bl. Comm. 491-2. See Death's part; Falcidian law.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
"Le seul motif pour lequel un voyage aux Etats-Unis du president Saleh serait autorise est un traitement medical legitime," a dit ce haut responsable sous couvert de l'anonymat.
Dans une resolution adoptee a main levee dans la perspective du sommet Europe/Etats-Unis du 28 novembre, le Parlement "appelle les Etats membres et les Etats-Unis a repondre a la demande legitime des Palestiniens d'etre representes en tant qu'Etat aux Nations unies".
La paix dans le monde et la lutte contre le terrorisme passent par le recouvrement des droits legitimes du peuple palestinien, notamment le droit au retour, a estime, hier, l'ambassadeur de l'Etat de Palestine aupres de l'Algerie, Louai Aissa.
Aujourd'hui, elles continuent a se battre pour arracher leurs droits legitimes en tant que femmes, reprimees dans sa feminite et son amazighite.
"C'etait plus ou moins de la legitime defense", s'est-il justifie.
"Nous considererons qu'il est legitime de frapper n'importe quelle cible appartenant a l'Etat libanais et pas seulement au Hezbollah".
Farouchement hostile au regime Assad, la Turquie affirme par contre agir en [beaucoup moins que] legitime defense [beaucoup plus grand que], en bombardant les forces kurdes syriennes pres de sa frontiere, et se reserver le droit de mener [beaucoup moins que] toutes sortes d'operations [beaucoup plus grand que] militaires.
Ce qui est tout a fait legitime a condition, bien entendu, que l'operation se deroule dans le strict respect des lois en vigueur.