lex aquilia


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lex aquilia

an ancient Roman statute, probably passed in the 3rd century BC. Two provisions of it, the first and third chapters, formed the essence of the delict known as damnum injuria datum, ‘loss wrongfully caused’. The third chapter provided that if a man caused loss to another by burning, breaking or destroying the defendant's property he would be liable for the loss caused. The Digest (see CORPUS JURIS CIVILIS) is rich in discussion of what cases would or would not attract liability. Injuria originally meant simply ‘without justification’ but eventually it was developed to mean FAULT. In a developed and interpreted form it became an important part of the law of civil wrongs in the civilian jurisdictions.
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La lex Aquilia no entra a contemplar los grados de responsabilidad psicologico-volitiva del damnans.
Their topics include Penelope's dowry and Odysseus' kingship, Drakon's homicide law, restrictions on the alienation of property in early Roman law, the coherence of the Lex Aquilia, codification and canonization, and reflections on the law of homicide in the ancient world.
esta lectura, que si bien en lo que se refiere a la muerte del esclavo es correcta, descuida un antecedente fundamental: la division interna de lex Aquilia.
En efecto, la lex Aquilia estaba compuesta de tres titulos: (i) el primero sancionaba el homicidio del esclavo o de un animal cuadrupedo y de rebano (D.
I begin in an odd place, which is the development of the Roman law of delict--a cross between tort and crime--that is set out in the lex Aquilia found in Book IX, Title 2 of Justinian's Institutes.
The most important influence on my own views on interpretation comes from what most people would regard as an eccentric or outlandish subject: the Roman law, whose interpretive methods are best revealed in the lex Aquilia, which has two key sentences.
El damnum iniuria datum o dano causado injustamente fue aquel contemplado por la lex Aquilia, plebiscito del tribuno Aquilio del ano 287 a.C., el cual estructuro de manera sistematica los diferentes tipos de danos que se podian ocasionar sobre las cosas, y configuro el principio general segun el cual cualquiera que no por casualidad, sino con dolo o culpa, esto es, sin causa de justificacion, mata o lesiona, o produce dano a persona o cosa ajena (9), quedaba obligado a pagar una suma de dinero a titulo de pena (10), cuyo valor era sustancialmente superior al dano causado.
Es solo con las ideas planteadas por los glosadores de la Escuela de Bolonia hacia el siglo XI que comienza a consolidarse de nuevo la funcion resarcitoria de la condena por la irrogacion de danos (65), con base en la reinterpretacion de las fuentes romanas y en especial de la lex Aquilia. Las caracteristicas de la accion ex lege Aquilia fueron atenuandose paulatinamente hasta desaparecer, convirtiendose en una accion civil (66), efecto que se produjo sin duda por la influencia del pensamiento canonico y la escuela del iusnaturalismo (67).
Notiamo da un lato elementi di affinita con la lex Aquilia, pure di eta repubblicana (forse dei III secolo) che puniva li danneggiamento dello schiavo altrui (damnurn corpori datum), dall'altro con il furtum.
CORBINO, A.: Il danno qualificato e la lex Aquilia, Catania, 2003.
`And so Celsus asks,(4) if you sow tares [lolium] or wild oats in another man's crops and spoil them, not only can the owner bring the interdict against damage caused secretly or by force, but he can proceed in factum under the lex Aquilia ...'
The lex Aquilia was the foundation of much of the Roman law of delict which English and American law call the law of tort.