statutory interpretation

(redirected from Lex posterior)

statutory interpretation

a generic title for the practice of reading statutes. Certain rules have grown up both in interpretation generally and for statutes in particular. A major aid is the Interpretation Act 1989, which lists a number of deemed interpretations. See EJUSDEM GENERIS RULE, EXPRESSIO UNIUS EST EXCLUSIO ALTERIUS, GOLDEN RULE, LITERAL RULE, MISCHIEF RULE, NOSCITUR A SOCIIS.
References in periodicals archive ?
According to the principle of lex posterior derogat legi priori, the MEN regulation from 2017 should be applied in this respect.
Os criterios classicos para solucao das antinomias no ambito interno, adotados pelos cientistas do direito (11), sao o cronologico (lex posterior derogat priori- lei posterior revoga a precedente); o hierarquico (lex superior prevalece sobre a lex inferiori) e o da especialidade (lex speciallis derogat generali).
De qualquer forma, apontamos que os tratados internacionais, tal como descreve Maria Helena Diniz, com base em Salmon, podem ser solucionados a partir das seguintes medidas: a) Prior in tempore potior in jus (preferencia do primeiro sobre o segundo, desde que nao elaborados pelas mesmas partes, privilegiando a primazia da obrigacao anteriormente assumida); b) Lex posterior derogat priori (que se aplica quando o segundo tratado dita a lei dos Estados signatarios do primeiro); c) Lex specialis derogat generali (aplicavel apenas nos casos de tratados sucessivos entre os mesmos signatarios); Lex superior derogat inferiori (quando a norma superior liga-se nao a natureza da fonte, mas ao valor por ela colimado).
Under the rule of lex posterior derogat lege anterior, a later rule is presumed to trump an earlier rule.
Similar limitations exist for the lex posterior rule.
Article 311.1 of the 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Seas (UNCLOS) (64) confirms the lex posterior principle when stating that "[t]his Convention shall prevail, as between States Parties, over the Geneva Conventions on the Law of the Sea of 29 April 1958." In these cases, it is possible to assume a fictitious WTO or UN law of the sea "legislator." Granted, the actual negotiating parties change constantly--countries join and leave treaties as the United States did with UNESCO, withdrawing in 1984 and rejoining in 2003, (65) or China, which left the GATT in 1950 and joined the WTO in 2001.
A broader application of the intra-systemic lex posterior rule is found in Article 30 paragraph 3 of the Vienna Convention: for parties bound by two treaties, "the earlier treaty applies only to the extent that its provisions are compatible with those of the later treaty." Interestingly, the very title as well as paragraph 1 of Article 30 state explicitly that this lex posterior rule applies only between "treaties relating to the same subject matter." This suggests that the rule was written mainly with intra-systemic conflicts in mind, that is, successive treaties, within the same field or branch of international law, broadly speaking.
Las formas para resolver antinomias normativas como los criterios de lex posterior, lex superiory lex especialis, en sentido estricto, resultan inadecuados para resolver conflictos constitucionales.
"[T]he relationship between lex specialis and other norms of interpretation [e.g., lex posterior derogat legi priori] or conflict solution cannot be determined in a general way...
Thus, the maxim of lex posterior must be considered when evaluating the IHL-IHRL relationship.
In addition, the maxim of lex posterior would further support the application of IHRL, as most IHRL rules are post IHL--at least Common Article 3, if not the Second Additional Protocol.
La Corte Suprema argentina mantuvo este criterio hasta 1963, cuando comenzo a aplicar la antigua regla interpretativa, lex posterior derogat priorem, colocando en pie de igualdad las leyes y los tratados y haciendo prevalecer la norma posterior sobre la anterior.