This text on civil rights litigation covers the history of federal civil rights legislation, state action and "under color" of state law, due process, claims against federal officials, individual immunities, government entity liability, civil
rights procedure, abstention, and remedies.
The Stark law is a strict liability, civil
law that prohibits a physician from referring a 'designated health services' to an entity with which there is a financial relationship.
"I am in favor of decriminalizing libel, ibig sabihin kung may liability, civil
na lang (it means that if there's a liability, it should be civil only)," he said in an interview Tuesday.
In a plea agreement, AstraZeneca also settled, without admitting liability, civil
claims that it bribed doctors to buy Zoladex and for improperly setting and reporting its price.