free will

(redirected from Liberum arbitrium)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.
Related to Liberum arbitrium: deterministically
References in periodicals archive ?
Con otras palabras: su libertad de decision (liberum arbitrium) no tendria nada que ver con la libertas indefferentiae; no seria contingente, sino, tal como antes, una libertad necesaria (y, en cualquier caso, no determinada).
Despues de todo lo dicho, no se puede negar que la autodeterminacion contiene algo de irracionalismo, puesto que esta, en el sentido de la responsabilidad propia, es asegurada y conservada solamente por la libertad contingente, y, en ambos casos, es facilitada por la posibilidad del mal (lo cual incluye mas, o bien menos, que "solo" liberum arbitrium o "solo" libertad necesaria entre "solo" alternativas buenas, y, en todo caso, mas que una libertas indifferentiae--tomada literalmente--entre solo alternativas "buenas"; es decir, mas que libertad casual).
De este dilema (o intelectualismo o voluntarismo) (10) solo nos ayuda a salir la distincion entre voluntas ut natura, por un lado, y libre arbitrio, por el otro, de cuya cooperacion resulta la voluntad contingente como liberum arbitrium humano.
Desde su origen la idea del liberum arbitrium esta ligada a la capacidad de decision.
Resumiendo, el liberum arbitrium concebido como la supuesta capacidad de una voluntad para elegir, independientemente del objeto o de cualquier otra circunstancia 'exterior', o bien es muy pequeno, o bien es inexistente, pues lo que domina es el objeto o el inconsciente.
Ahora bien, esta cortedad del liberum arbitrium no afecta en nada a la libertad, ?que entendemos por ella?
After all, "[t]he tree and its fruit are good" (Adams, "Piers's Pardon" 379).(4) Adams tries to maintain a consistent position on the fruit's belonging to the devil by declaring that, by contrast, the "Tree does not belong to the Devil." "Despite [the Devil's] boldness and the impunity with which he carries out his raid, it is clear that he is a thief, an interloper in a plantation entrusted to Piers and his lieutenant liberum arbitrium."
Thanne Liberum Arbitrium lacceth the thridde planke
In addition, Liberum Arbitrium (46), acting as Piers's lieutenant, also mounts a defense against Satan's attacks.
At the Tree of Charity, Langland similarly makes Liberum Arbitrium a laborer to hoe and weed the garden in the outer dream and then, in the inner dream, makes him a "lieutenaunt," essentially a knight who protects the Tree and maintains the props, as the knights do in the first and third sermons.(21) Langland does not portray the clergy at the Tree, for their duty has been duly discussed by Anima in passus 15.
Aers has observed that at the Tree there is "no evidence for a simple division of labor" of any kind.(66) Here, I will explore what I think is clearly a division of labor in passus 16, germane to trifunctionality, and how Langland's historical project affects both the conventions of trifunctionality and the dream vision, the theological actions that center around the Trinity, and the problem of salvation through free choice (Liberum Arbitrium) in the absence of grace.