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LIEUTENANT. This word has now a narrower meaning than it formerly had; its true meaning is a deputy, a substitute, from the French lieu, (place or post) and tenant (holder). Among civil officers we have lieutenant governors, who in certain cases perform the duties of governors; (vide, the names of the several states,) lieutenants of police, &c. Among military men, lieutenant general was formerly the title of a commanding general, but now it signifies the degree above major general. Lieutenant colonel, is the officer between the colonel and the major. Lieutenant simply signifies the officer next below a captain. In the navy, a lieutenant is the second officer next in command to the captain of a ship.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
(13) Holburne Archive, Letters, 1813, 1815, commissioning Lieutanant William Holburne to HM Bomb Ship Stromboli, and HMS Euprates (Frigate, 36 guns).
After the failure of the expedition and the loss of almost forty ships, recriminations were made against various leaders, including allegations against naval force commander Captain Dudley Saltonstall of responsibility for the overall result; and against Paul Revere, an icon of the Revolutionary War who served in the expedition as a lieutanant colonel in charge of the artillery, of unsoldierly conduct.
In it, the Prince's private secretary, Lieutanant Colonel Sean O'Dwyer, tells Andrew curtly: "The Prince Edward has asked me to thank you for your letter...