a fixed amount. Liquidate damages are damages set out in an agreement between the parties rather than left at large for a court or arbiter. A liquid debt is one that is fixed in a document of debt, such as bond, or decree of a court or arbiter.
where [eta] is for mobility; c0 for metal ion concentration in the starting material liquid (unit: mol/L); ct for metal ion concentration in material liquid phase at time of t (unit: mol/L); A0 for the starting absorbance; At for the absorbance at time of t.
Furthermore, a low threshold was imposed when defining the liquid phase boundary in a vaporized spray, ensuring that the region defined as containing the vapor spray was free from droplets, and that the measured UV light absorption for this region was due to the vapor alone.
After reaching equilibrium, the total amount of carbonaceous ions and molecules [m.sub.[SIGMA]] [(C[O.sub.X]).sub.W] in the liquid phase with the volume [V.sub.W] is quantitatively distributed in accordance with the equilibrium constants based of the structural scheme shown in Fig.
Researchers compared the maximum shear stress capability of interconnects using solders and welds to those made with novel Pb-free (CuSn and InAg) transient liquid phase sintering materials at temperatures up to 300[degrees]C.
"The host star, Kepler 186, is an M1-type dwarf star, which means it will burn hydrogen forever, so there is ample opportunity to develop life around this particular star and, because it has just the right orbital period, water may exist in a liquid phase on this planet," explains Crepp, assistant professor of physics.