Just, "Brain activation for reading and listening comprehension
: an fMRI study of modality effects and individual differences in language comprehension," Psychology & Neuroscience, vol.
These results, provided in the third and final set of columns in Tables 4 and 5, show that the IBR effect previously detected on listening comprehension
becomes a trend, with the approximate effect size averaging 0.23.
Although researchers (Field, 2008; Vandergrift & Goh, 2012) have criticized product-oriented approaches, it is the over-reliance on activities that test learners' listening comprehension
and decoding skills that is the problem.
Is single or dual channel with different English proficiencies better for English listening comprehension
, cognitive load and attitude in ubiquitous learning environment?
What you don't know can't help you: An exploratory study of background knowledge and second language listening comprehension
. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 12(1), 65-80.
(i) Does training have any statistically significant effect on EFL learners' listening comprehension
For example, in the English language, decoding is a better predictor of reading comprehension in children with one to two years of reading instruction, whereas listening comprehension
is a better predictor of reading competence in children with three to five years of reading instruction.
tests focused on texts' comprehension are more frequently included in informal reading batteries or inventories (e.g., Johns, 2008; Leslie & Caldwell, 2006; Shanker & Cockrum, 2009).
Through the course, students develop language skills that focus on security duties, such as crowd control; responding to bomb threats, evacuations and emergencies; engaging in vehicle-based and non-mobile security; establishing and maintaining relationships; and developing listening comprehension