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In the law of evidence, a truth or proposition drawn from another that is supposed or admitted to be true. A process of reasoning by which a fact or proposition sought to be established is deduced as a logical consequence from other facts, or a state of facts, already proved or admitted. A logical and reasonable conclusion of a fact not presented by direct evidence but which, by process of logic and reason, a trier of fact may conclude exists from the established facts. Inferences are deductions or conclusions that with reason and common sense lead the jury to draw from facts which have been established by the evidence in the case.


n. a rule of logic applied to evidence in a trial, in which a fact is "proved" by presenting other "facts" which lead to only one reasonable conclusion--that if A and B are true, then C is. The process is called "deduction" or "deductive reasoning," and is a persuasive form of circumstantial evidence. (See: circumstantial evidence)


noun allusion, assumption, conclusio, coniectura, conjecture, deduction, guess, hint, hypothesis, illation, implication, impression, inkling, judgment, observation, postulate, postulation, premise, presupposal, presupposition, speculation, supposal, supposition, surmise, suspicion, theorem, theory, thesis, understanding
Associated concepts: evidentiary inference, favorable inferrnce, legal inference, legitimate inference, presumption
Foreign phrases: Expressa nocent, non expressa non nooent.Things expressed may be prejudicial; that which is not expressed will not.
See also: conclusion, conjecture, connotation, construction, determination, generalization, hint, hypothesis, idea, innuendo, insinuation, intimation, mention, presumption, reference, referral, signification, speculation, suggestion, suspicion, uncertainty

INFERENCE. A conclusion drawn by reason from premises established by proof.
     2. It is the province of the judge who is to decide upon the facts to draw the inference. When the facts are submitted to the court, the judges draw the inference; when they are to be ascertained by a jury, it is their duty to do so. The witness is not permitted as a general rule to draw an inference, and testify that to the court or jury. It is his duty to state the facts simply as they occurred. Inferences differ from presumptions. (q.v.)

References in periodicals archive ?
Responding just weeks after the new revelations in Philadelphia, she added, "It seems such a logical inference given the recent events, I can't not say it.
Again, it is difficult to make a logical inference as to what capability would merit a COG to be defined as such.
The book is for logicians and mathematicians working with the theory of classification and models of logical inference.
An inference engine has two functions for practical applications: logical inference and inference-guiding.
Based on the above characterization of queries, they may be classified into three levels as in (Eakins, 1996), (Eakins, 1998): (i) Level 1 comprises retrieval by primitive features (color, texture, shape, spatial location of image elements or by a combination of some of these primitive features); (ii) Level 2 comprises retrieval by logical features involving some degree of logical inference about the identity of the objects from an image; (iii) Level 3 comprises retrieval by abstract attributes involving a significant amount of high-level reasoning about the meaning and purpose of the objects or scenes from an image.
And the graph above shows, the country's consumers are participating in the growth and a logical inference from the graph is that the quality of life of the average Russian consumer is improving.
That is not the logical inference of what they are saying, but it is what gets communicated nonetheless.
The inference will be made that, if such an authoritative figure saw fit to so direct the trainee, then the trainee must, by logical inference, be mentally ill.
But perhaps William Paley's original Argument From Design from 1802 will not satisfy a scientist because it is based on logical inference rather than fact.
The bill would allow juries to draw the logical inference that a business identified on a sign bears the responsibility for it.

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