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In the law of evidence, a truth or proposition drawn from another that is supposed or admitted to be true. A process of reasoning by which a fact or proposition sought to be established is deduced as a logical consequence from other facts, or a state of facts, already proved or admitted. A logical and reasonable conclusion of a fact not presented by direct evidence but which, by process of logic and reason, a trier of fact may conclude exists from the established facts. Inferences are deductions or conclusions that with reason and common sense lead the jury to draw from facts which have been established by the evidence in the case.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


n. a rule of logic applied to evidence in a trial, in which a fact is "proved" by presenting other "facts" which lead to only one reasonable conclusion--that if A and B are true, then C is. The process is called "deduction" or "deductive reasoning," and is a persuasive form of circumstantial evidence. (See: circumstantial evidence)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

INFERENCE. A conclusion drawn by reason from premises established by proof.
     2. It is the province of the judge who is to decide upon the facts to draw the inference. When the facts are submitted to the court, the judges draw the inference; when they are to be ascertained by a jury, it is their duty to do so. The witness is not permitted as a general rule to draw an inference, and testify that to the court or jury. It is his duty to state the facts simply as they occurred. Inferences differ from presumptions. (q.v.)

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
When this system succeeds in obtaining answers, this system outputs the answer and the process of logical inference. The reason why this system output a process of logical inference is to know the inference process that arriving at an answer or new knowledge.
An inference engine has two functions for practical applications: logical inference and inference-guiding.
"Allowing this matter to go to the jury would invite rank speculation and surmise over logical inference and evidence."
Based on the above characterization of queries, they may be classified into three levels as in (Eakins, 1996), (Eakins, 1998): (i) Level 1 comprises retrieval by primitive features (color, texture, shape, spatial location of image elements or by a combination of some of these primitive features); (ii) Level 2 comprises retrieval by logical features involving some degree of logical inference about the identity of the objects from an image; (iii) Level 3 comprises retrieval by abstract attributes involving a significant amount of high-level reasoning about the meaning and purpose of the objects or scenes from an image.
A logical inference is that the current financial climate is to blame for this dilemma.
The logical inference was thus that Chinese South Africans would automatically qualify for the same benefits afforded to the 'coloured' group, post 1994.
And the graph above shows, the country's consumers are participating in the growth and a logical inference from the graph is that the quality of life of the average Russian consumer is improving.
A prepublication draft of the article, circulated among my colleagues in the AI Center at SRI, evoked a spirited rebuttal of those parts that limited the scope of AI and that described the role of logic and logical inference in AI.
That is not the logical inference of what they are saying, but it is what gets communicated nonetheless.
The inference will be made that, if such an authoritative figure saw fit to so direct the trainee, then the trainee must, by logical inference, be mentally ill.
The only logical inference is that Mike Doel was working in conjunction with at least one other person.
At that time, the SAT consisted of nine subtests: Definitions, Arithmetical Problems, Classification, Artificial Language, Antonyms, Number Series, Analogies, Logical Inference, and Paragraph Reading.

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