Some paraconsistent and some intuitionistic logicians
employ paraconsistent or intuitionistic meta-languages.
As is clear from El-Rouayheb's book, however, these kinds of syllogisms were discussed in quite some detail by Arabic logicians
By virtue of particular authors' status, bold assertions, and effective pedagogical techniques, the participating fuzzy logicians
mostly came to agree that Elkan's proof illegitimately used the law of the excluded middle (either A or not-A is true), which does not apply within fuzzy logic.
He is right in saying that at present there is imperfect understanding between general semanticists and many logicians
From the nifty though slight observation that a little hypocrisy is, from a practical standpoint, inevitable, or that perfect consistency is, from a moral standpoint, untenable, Fish derives the sort of utter non sequitur that makes literary theorists objects of derision among trained logicians
Initial tests of EQP were encouraging, and the program succeeded in proving, sometimes for the first time, several theorems of special interest to a few logicians
and other experts.
2 column, ``Board's Ebonics decision strikes a familiar chord,'' presents what logicians
would call a ``straw man argument.
If the "other" race is morally or genetically inferior, imperial logicians
aver, the dark-skinned person can never achieve true equality (even though "all men are born equal").
Each of these classic articles, by such logicians
as Lewis Carroll and Gilbert Ryle, is brief yet substantial and is accompanied by intellectual cues and discussion questions from the editors.