Admiralty

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admiralty

n. concerning activities which occur at sea, including on small boats and ships innavigable bays. Admiralty law (maritime law) includes accidents and injuries at sea, maritime contracts and commerce, alleged violations of rules of the sea over shipping lanes and rights-of-way, and mutiny and other crimes on shipboard. Jurisdiction over all these matters rests in the Federal Courts, which do not use juries in admiralty cases. There are other special rules in processing maritime cases, which are often handled by admiralty law specialists. Lawyers appearing in admiralty cases are called "proctors." (See: maritime law)

ADMIRALTY. The name of a jurisdiction which takes cognizance of suits or actions which arise in consequence of acts done upon or relating to the sea; or, in other words, of all transactions and proceedings relative to commerce and navigation, and to damages or injuries upon the sea. 2 Gall. R. 468. In the great maritime nations of Europe, the term "admiralty jurisdiction," is, uniformly applied to courts exercising jurisdiction over maritime contracts and concerns. It is as familiarly known among the jurists of Scotland, France, Holland and Spain, as of England, and applied to their own courts, possessing substantially the same jurisdiction as the English Admiralty had in the reign of Edward III. Ibid., and the authorities there cited; and see, also, Bac. Ab. Court of Admiralty; Merl. Repert. h.t. Encyclopedie, h.t.; 1 Dall. 323.
     2. The Constitution of the United States has delegated to the courts of the national government cognizance "of all cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction;" and the act of September 24, 1789, ch. 20 s. 9, has given the district court" cognizance of all civil causes of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction," including all seizures under laws of imposts, navigation or trade of the United States, where the seizures are made on waters navigable from the sea, by vessels of ten or more tons burden, within their respective districts, as well as upon the high seas.
     3. It is not within the plan of this work to enlarge upon this subject.

References in periodicals archive ?
Both have been regulars at the carnival for the past few seasons, with Charles O'Brien's Lord Admiral recently taking his earnings past the pounds 365,000 mark with a win in the Group 3 Al Rashidiya.
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First Sea Lord Admiral Sir Jonathon Band said the expected two-year delay to the pounds 4bn carrier project was due to investment "priorities", and described defence budgets as "under pressure".
The mare had a nightmare on debut in the Gulf with a two-lengths sixth behind Saturday's rival Lord Admiral at the Jebel Hatta earlier this month.
John Oxx sends the improving Dabiroun for the Group Three race after his second place in a Listed contest last time, while Lord Admiral rounds out the fourstrong field.
While the Lord Admiral's Men pursued a policy of writing plays to take advantage of costumes already in the company wardrobe - particularly their suites of Oriental, Iberian and London plays - plays written for the Lord Chamberlain's Men, primarily by Shakespeare and Jonson, show less reluctance to call for new costumes, while at the same time inventively preserving economy by means of what MacIntyre intriguingly calls "a law of succession" for costumes, according to which the same garments appear in successive performances of plays which remained in the repertory, gradually making their way down the social scale as they grew shabby.
Former first sea lord Admiral Lord West said: "The strength of our Navy has been reduced to a size which is critical.
Former first sea lord Admiral Lord Alan West told journalists: "We desperately need to get the destroyers out and doing their job."
MANAMA: Longstanding relations bonding Bahrain and Britain were yesterday under the spotlight as His Majesty King Hamad received at Sakhir Palace UK Royal Navy First Sea Lord Admiral Sir George Zambellas.
First Sea Lord Admiral Sir George Zambellas stated : "These significant contracts represent a strategic investment in the Royal Navy's essential infrastructure.
First Sea Lord Admiral Sir George Zambellas said Admiral Woodward was highly regarded and widely respected in the military.