# Weight

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WEIGHT. A quality in natural bodies, by which they tend towards the centre of the earth.
2. Under the article Measure, (q.v.) it is said that by the constitution congress possesses the power "to fix the standard of weights and measures," and that this power has not been exercised.
3. The weights now generally used in the United States, are the same as those of England; they are of two kinds:

```                 1. AVOIRDUPOIS WEIGHT.
1st. Used in almost all commercial transactions, and in the common
dealings of life.
27 1/3 1/2 grains  =    1 dram
16 drams           =    1 ounce
16 ounces          =    1 pound, (lb.)
28 pounds          =    1 quarter, (qr.)
4 quarters         =    1 hundred weight, (cwt.)
20 hundred weight  =    1 ton.

2d. Used for meat and fish.
8 pounds           =    1 stone

3d. Used in the wool trade.
Cwt. qr.  lb.
7 pounds           =    1 clove 14 pounds           =    1 stone  =   0
0   14
2 stones           =    1 tod    =   0    1    0
6 1/2 tods         =    1 wey    =   1    2   14
2 weys             =    1 sack   =   3    1    0 12 sacks            =    1
last   =  39    0    0

4th. Used for butter and cheese.
8 pounds           =    1 clove
56 pounds          =    1 firkin.

2. TROY WEIGHT.
24 grams           =    1 pennyweight
20 pennyweights    =    1 ounce
12 ounces          =    1 pound.
```

4. These are the denominations of troy weight, when used for weighing gold, silver and precious stones, except diamonds. Troy weight is also used by apothecaries in compounding medicines; and by them the ounce is divided into eight drams, and the drain into three scruples, so that the latter is equal to twenty grains. For scientific purposes, the grain only is used, and sets of weights are constructed in decimal progression, from 10,000 grains downward to one-hundredth of a grain. The caret, used for weighing diamonds, is three and one-sixth grains.
5. A short account of the French weights and measures is given under the article Measure.

References in periodicals archive ?
REASON FOR LOSING WEIGHT: "I've just had a little baby boy, Josh, who is three-months-old now and I've struggled to lose my pregnancy weight.
Losing weight around 0.45 kg-0.9 kg per week is a safe bet.
Her secret to losing weight is reportedly her love for pilates and cardio workout.
The Anglesey-born broadcaster believes losing weight is easier with friends and would welcome others to join him and be in the chance to win prizes at the same time.
Sure if you were exercising you'd lose some weight, but then your body would realize it's not getting what it needs and go into panic mode and start storing everything you take in for when it needs energy - hence you'd stop losing weight and possibly gain more fat.
As many as 10,000 people have registered in the campaign that aims to making losing weight in Dubai the most rewarding experience they can get.
Beyond the conventional lifestyle changes required to lose weight, small percentages of Americans who have succeeded at losing weight cite using diet pills (4%) or having a gastric bypass (1%).
You'd think that losing weight can only help you get healthier.
Losing weight can improve health and reduce these risk factors, but many people have difficulty keeping the weight off.In the study conducted by University of Missouri researchers, individuals who didn't exercise during weight regain experienced significant deterioration in metabolic health, while those who exercised maintained improvements in almost all areas.
Despite how it seems, losing weight isn't a mysterious process.
Psychotherapist Stelios, TriHealth's director and principal consultant, said: "There are many schemes around for losing weight, particularly in the post-Christmas/New Year period.

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