In an age when "colonialism" was expanding, Louis-Napoleon
's colonial designs were both praised by the emperor's party and the French military and resisted by the socialists.
returned to France following a revolution and later became French emperor.
's reassertion of empire in 1851 put science back in the service of state power.
In his introduction, though, the author draws comparisons between Louis-Napoleon
's authoritarian politics and the American imperial project of the early twenty-first century, situating his analyses explicitly within the context of September 11 and the post-Katrina reconstruction of New Orleans.
In 1852, the soon-to-be Emperor, Louis-Napoleon
, finally granted him release.
Well, legend has it that Louis-Napoleon
Bonaparte, who lived in exile on Lord Street between 1846 and 1848, was so impressed by the town that, upon his return to France where he eventually became emperor, he ordered the medieval centre of Paris to be replaced with the tree-lined boulevards and arcades that characterise the city today.
One of the best known examples is the way that Otto yon Bismarck, the "Iron Chancellor" of Prussia, provoked Louis-Napoleon
, Emperor of France, to declare war on Prussia in 1870 and then immediately attack France with great success, which led to the annexation of Alsace-Lorraine and the founding of the German Empire.
She stands with one hand resting on the shoulder of her eldest son, Louis-Napoleon
, while her young daughter rests her head against her mother's hand.
Tocqueville opposed both the mass democracy that had erupted in the streets and Louis-Napoleon
's antidemocratic coup d'etat, a crippling contradiction and one that left him little choice but to retreat to his estate and bury himself in his historical studies.
The feeling that a pre-Debordian 'societe du spectacle' was not, in spite of the decisiveness of the coup d'etat of 2 December 1851, one that was altogether of Louis-Napoleon
Bonaparte's choosing, gnaws away at recent generations of historians.
In the mid-1800s, working under Emperor Louis-Napoleon
(nephew of the original Bonaparte), Georges-Eug?ne Haussmann renovated the old Paris, Kunstler says, "from a stinking and decrepitating rat-maze of slums into the epitome of everything we value about city life." Louis- Napoleon and Haussmann, he writes, "understood the enormous needs of the city as it struggled to enter the modern, industrial age," and they set about to meet those needs.
The exception to this history of civil calm was a tax rebellion in Gueret (the departmental capital) in 1848, and in December 1851, when three villages took up arms to defend the Second Republic during Louis-Napoleon
's coup d'etat Ted W.