Magna Carta


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Magna Carta

n. Latin for "Great Charter," it was a document delineating a series of laws establishing the rights of English barons and major land owners, which limited the absolute authority of the King of England and became the basis for the rights of English citizens. It was signed reluctantly by King John on June 15, 1215, at Runnymede, at a table set up in a field under a canopy and surrounded by the armed gentry. The Magna Carta was confirmed by John's son, Henry III, and in turn by Henry's son, Edward I. As John Cowell would write four centuries later: "although this charter consists of not above thirty seven Charters or Lawes yet it is of such extent, as all the Law wee have, is thought in some form to depend on it." Essentially a document for the nobility, it became the basis of individual rights as a part of the English Constitution, which is generally more custom than written documents. It is also spelled: Magna Charta.

Magna Carta

the ‘Great Charter’ of liberties, signed by King John at Runymede, 15 June 1215 One of the foundations of the notion of the rule of law. The barons made it clear that the king operated under legal constraints. Two clauses, 39 and 40, were developed to become a basis of the liberty of the subject to the present: ‘No freeman shall be seized or imprisoned, or stripped of his rights or possession, or outlawed or exiled or deprived of his standing in any other way, nor will we proceed with force against him, or send others to do so, except by the lawful judgment of his equals or by the law of the land’ (Clause 39); ‘To no one will we sell, to no one deny or delay right or justice’ (Clause 40).
References in periodicals archive ?
King John issued the Magna Carta after agreeing peace terms with a band of rebel barons.
The exhibition makes the point that, while only three clauses from Magna Carta still remain law, the document is seen as the foundation of liberty and democracy.
Magna Cartas Index, was undertaken in collaboration with leading marketing strategy consultancy, Yellowwood.
The dangers of anachronism have always been present in seeking to do justice to ways of thought that have passed out of common use--and particularly so in interpreting a document that has played the vital role in the law and politics of later centuries that Magna Carta has.
The afterlife of the Magna Carta is the key, the constant reinvention and transformation of a symbol of values and ideas that has transcended those 800 years of history.
The original purpose of Magna Carta was not to assert individual rights, but rather to curb what was seen as the despotism of King John.
With his example in mind, I want to take Magna Carta seriously as a constitutional document.
Price includes Private coach travel from your local area Three nights' stay with three course evening meal & cooked breakfast Visit to Stonehenge Visit to Salisbury Cathedral to view the Magna Carta Visit the villages of Castle Combe & Lacock Visit to Malmesbury in the Cotswolds Afternoon Tea & Stay at the Waldorf 3 April 2016 2 days from PS219 Treat yourself to a day of indulgence as we head to the Waldorf Hilton in the heart of London and enjoy afternoon tea - complete with delicious finger sandwiches, cakes and pastries - followed by an overnight stay.
Synopsis: The Magna Carta is revered around the world as the founding document of Western liberty.
M2 EQUITYBITES-January 19, 2016-Foreign & Commonwealth Office announces funding of GBP10m for Magna Carta Fund supporting Human Rights and Democracy
These words are from the Magna Carta, the historic British document that some see as inspiring the rise of individual liberties over the past 800 years.
The Magna Carta of 1215 is one of the most significant historical documents in the English speaking world.