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MASSACHUSETTS. One of the original states of the United States of America. The colony or province of Massachusetts was included in a charter granted by James the First, by which its territories were extended in breadth from the 40th to the 48th degree of north latitude, and in length by all the breadth aforesaid throughout the mainland from sea to sea. This charter continued until 1684. Holmes' Annals, 412; 1 Story, Const. Sec. 71. In 1691 William and Mary granted a new charter to the colony, and henceforth it became known as a province, and continued to act under this charter till after the Revolution. 1 Story, Const. Sec. 71.
     2. The constitution of Massachusetts was adopted by a convention begun and held at Cambridge, on the first of September, 1779, and continued, by adjournment, to the second of March, 1780.
     3. The style and name of the state is The Commonwealth of Massachusetts. The government is distributed into a legislative, executive and judicial power.
     4.-1st. The department of legislation is formed by two branches, a senate and house of representatives, each of which has a negative on the other, and both are styled The General Court of Massachusetts. Part 2, c. 1, s. 1.
     5.-1. The senate is elected by the qualified electors, and is composed of forty persons to be counsellors and senators for the year ensuing their election. Part 2, c. 1, s. 2, art. 1.
     6.-2. The House of representatives is composed of an indefinite number of persons elected by the towns in proportion to their population. Part 2, c. 1, s. 3, art. 2.
     7.-2d. The executive power is vested in a governor, lieutenant governor and council.
     8.-1. The supreme executive magistrate is styled The Governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. He is elected yearly by the qualified electors. Part 2, c. 2, s. 1. He is invested with the veto power. Part 2, c. 1, s. 1, art. 2.
     9.-2. The electors are required to elect annually a lieutenant governor. When the office of governor happens to be vacant he acts as governor, and at other times he is a member of the council. Part 2, c. 2, s. 2, art. 2 and 3.
    10.-3. The council consists of nine persons chosen annually by the general court; they mast be taken from those returned for counsellors and senators, unless they will not accept the said office, when they shall be chosen from the people at large. The council shall advise the governor in the executive part of the government. Part 2, c. 2, s. 3, art. 1 and 2.
    11.-3d. The judicial power. The third chapter of part second of the constitution makes the following provisions in relation to the judiciary:
    Art. 1. The tenure that all commissioned officers shall, by law, have in their office, shall be expressed in their respective commissions; all judicial officers, duly appointed, commissioned, and sworn, shall hold their offices during good behaviour; excepting such concerning whom there is different provision made in this constitution; Provided, nevertheless, the governor, with consent of the council, may remove them upon the address of both houses of the legislature.
    12.-2. Each branch of the legislature, as well as the governor and council, shall have authority to require the opinions of the justices of the supreme judicial court, upon important questions of law, and upon solemn occasions.
    13.-3. In order that the people may not suffer from the long continuance in place of any justice of the peace, who shall fail of discharging the important duties of his office with ability or fidelity, all commissions of justices of the peace shall expire and become void in the term of seven years from their respective dates; and upon the expiration of any commission, the same may, if necessary, be renewed, or another person appointed, as shall most conduce to the well-being of the commonwealth.
    14.-4. The judges of probates of wills, and for granting letters of administration, shall hold their courts at such place or places, on fixed days, as the convenience of the people may require; and the legislature shall, from time to time hereafter, appoint such times and places: until which appointments, the said courts shall be holden at the times and places which the respective judges shall direct.
    15.-5. All causes of marriage, divorce, and alimony, and all appeals from the judges of probate, shall be heard and determined by the governor and council, until the legislature shall, by law, make other provision.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
The sweetest, most nutritious, most refreshing, most accessible communal daily ritual and performed prayer in our faith is the Mass. Yet fewer people attend Mass than used to attend Mass.
Christmas Day: 9.30pm Family Mass, 11.15am Solemn Mass.
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The points on this plot that are depicted with solid symbols represent the differences between the 1971 and 1965 mass values, given in percent of each respective mass. Positive values represent an apparent increase in mass since 1965.
Roberts and his wile attend a conservative parish in Bethesda, Md., and Jane Sullivan Roberts is a member of the board of governors of the John Carroll Society, the group that sponsors the Red Mass.
St Agnes and St Thomas Aquinas Stella: Christmas Eve, 11.30pm Carols, Midnight Mass. Christmas Day, 9.30am, 11am.
Third Place: Garden Crest Apartments, Waltham, Mass.
In terms of primary activity, we now have confirmed that our product builds lean body mass, or muscle, and reduces fat mass. We have also obtained evidence of a set of positive clinical outcomes, which make sense from a physiological perspective; and with well over 300 patients and healthy volunteers already exposed to the product, we have a very good safety profile.
"The goal of the Critical Mass/NASA team is to enable the web site to re-ignite the public's passion for NASA," says Jerry Johnston, CEO of Critical Mass. "With vivid pictures and surprising information about the array of applications that have been made possible by NASA discoveries, the agency will achieve its full communications potential by means of its web site."
In coldbox tooling design, it is necessary to create an atmosphere that allows the liquid amine to be converted to a vapor state for efficient curing of the core sand mass. The maintaining of amine in the vapor state is critical to ensure that cure times and minimal amine consumption are to be attained.
Chronic high-calorie diets increase body fat as much as (or more than) muscle mass. The caloric surplus must be cyclic in order to be effective.