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MATRON. A married woman, generally an elderly married woman.
     2. By the laws of England, when a widow feigns herself with child, in order to exclude the next heir, and a suppositious birth is expected, then, upon the writ de ventre inspiciendo, a jury of women is to be, impanelled to try the question, whether with child or not. Cro, Eliz. 566. So when a woman was sentenced to death, and she declared herself to be quick with child, a jury of matrons is impanelled to try whether she be or be not with child. 4 Bl. Com. 395. See Pregnancy; Quick with child.

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22) "Extremement penible, le tremoussement ehonte des matrones sur le retour" (Journal, 752).
First printed in 1574, Tyrwhit's prayer book was then included in a longer version, differently arranged, in Thomas Bentley's large compilation of devotional material, The Monument of Matrones, in 1582.
More ominous and less amusing, 'chaste virgines, and honest marryed matrones, went oftentimes away with blushing faces, leauing (without cause) in the myndes of the lookers on, suspicion of uncleane life, and wanton behauiour'.