Bad Faith

(redirected from Mauvaise foi)
Also found in: Dictionary, Financial, Wikipedia.

Bad Faith

The fraudulent deception of another person; the intentional or malicious refusal to perform some duty or contractual obligation.

Bad faith is not the same as prior judgment or Negligence. One can make an honest mistake about one's own rights and duties, but when the rights of someone else are intentionally or maliciously infringed upon, such conduct demonstrates bad faith.

The existence of bad faith can minimize or nullify any claims that a person alleges in a lawsuit. Punitive Damages, attorney's fees, or both, may be awarded to a party who must defend himself or herself in an action brought in bad faith.

Bad faith is a term commonly used in the law of contracts and other commercial dealings, such as Commercial Paper, and in Secured Transactions. It is the opposite of Good Faith, the observance of reasonable standards of fair dealings in trade that is required of every merchant.

A government official who selectively enforces a nondiscriminatory law against the members of a particular group or race, thereby violating the Civil Rights of those individuals, is acting in bad faith.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

bad faith

1) n. intentional dishonest act by not fulfilling legal or contractual obligations, misleading another, entering into an agreement without the intention or means to fulfill it, or violating basic standards of honesty in dealing with others. Most states recognize what is called "implied covenant of good faith and fair dealing" which is breached by acts of bad faith, for which a lawsuit may be brought (filed) for the breach (just as one might sue for breach of contract). The question of bad faith may be raised as a defense to a suit on a contract. 2) adj. when there is bad faith then a transaction is called a "bad faith" contract or "bad faith" offer. (See: good faith, fraud, clean hands doctrine)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Mullan montre egalement comment cette regle s'est subsequemment modifiee pour exiger la preuve de mauvaise foi du decideur.
C'est par le detour de la mauvaise foi, et donc par un exemple "a contrario" que Jean-Paul Sartre s'interroge, dans L'Etre et le neant sur l'identite.
Jean Pierre Dupuy was given a much rougher ride for his paper(13) which analysed mauvaise foi in non-intentional terms and explored the |destin americain' of Sartre at the hands of behaviourists and Quinian analytical philosophy.
Il a refute que la troika et surtout Ennahdha ont gere le dossier avec des calculs politiques ou de la mauvaise foi. Il souligne qu'aucune institution en Tunisie n'a ete preparee pour faire face au fleau, relevant, toutefois, les avancees enregistrees en matiere de lutte contre le terrorisme, malgre son acharnement contre le pays.
Cependant, les mauvaises langues et les personnes de mauvaise foi ne restaient pas les bras croises.
In the same week's box office top 10 was Roschdy Zem's "Mauvaise foi" (Bad Faith), a romantic comedy with a serious message starring Zem and Cecile de France as an Arab/Jewish couple whose religious backgrounds threaten to get in the way of true love.
In suggesting Prospero's final, debilitating dependence on Caliban for his idea of himself, Cesaire hints at a Sartrean influence: the master is guilty, it seems, of a colonial version of mauvaise foi. A further intertext is also surely Genet's much earlier Les Negres, in that both plays reverse colonially imposed stereotypes through baroque rituals of masking and unmasking 'true' identity.
Tracasse par des soucis d'argent, irrite par la mauvaise foi des journaux litteraires, confondu par les aleas de la poste et soucieux d'eviter la censure et la police (qu'elle soit autrichienne ou francaise) grace a toutes sortes de subterfuges plus cocasses les uns que les autres, il ne perd jamais toutefois son sens de l'humour.
D'ailleurs en 2014, la presse se faisait l'echo du retrait de Moulay Ismail d'un projet, tout en reclamant a la societe 200 millions de dirhams pour [beaucoup moins que]acte de mauvaise foi dans la gestion de fonds communs[beaucoup plus grand que].