McKinney Act

McKinney Act

The Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act, 42 U.S.C.A. 11301 et seq. (1989 Supp.), was named after the Republican congressman from Connecticut. It authorizes the Housing and Urban Development Department to coordinate the disbursement of unused federal property to community groups interested in providing shelter to homeless persons, especially elderly persons, handicapped persons, families with children, Native Americans, and veterans. The Interagency Council on the Homeless (Pub. L. No. 100-77, 101 Stat. 484, 42 U.S.C.A. 11301 (b) (1) [1989]) distributes information on how to use benefits under the act.

Initially, priority to receive excess properties was given to homeless providers rather than local communities. However, the Base Closure and Community Redevelopment Act of 1994 (Pub. L. No. 103-421, Oct. 25, 1994, 108 Stat. 4346) amended the McKinney Act by eliminating homeless providers' priority. The result is that homeless providers' needs are considered simultaneously in a community's reuse planning.

Funding and support for the McKinney Act has been reduced, especially with the 1996 Welfare reform, because the act functions in connection with other related legislation. In one recent funding cycle, nearly three thousand requests for transitional housing were submitted, but only 818 proposals could be funded under the act.

In 1996, to assist homeless individuals, the 104th Congress appropriated $823 million for the emergency shelter grants program (as authorized under subtitle B of title IV of the McKinney Act), the supportive housing program (as authorized under subtitle C of title IV of the McKinney Act), the section 8 moderate rehabilitation single room occupancy program (as authorized under the United States Housing Act of 1937 [Sept. 1, 1937, ch. 896, 50 Stat. 888], as amended, pursuant to section 441 of the McKinney Act), and the shelter plus care program (as authorized under subtitle F of the title IV of the McKinney Act) (110 Stat 2874).

Further readings

Foscarinis, Maria. 1996. "Downward Spiral: Homelessness and Its Criminalization." Yale Law and Policy Review 14.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Several chapters are devoted to the enactment and effects of the McKinney Act. The authors reveal that each generation of policies and practices has made the problem worse.
The passage of the Every Student Succeeds Act in 2015 introduced new amendments to the McKinney Act, which affect how schools interact with homeless students.
In 2002, Congress directed HUD to work with local communities to establish a system for collecting and reporting homeless data that would better illustrate the scope of homelessness and help to evaluate the effectiveness of HUD McKinney Act programs.
McKinney Act Funds from two senior building refinancings were committed to the $10 million town home development and $30 million senior residence development.
The McKinney Act "requires that states receiving funds under the McKinney Act assure that each homeless child shall have access to a comparable free, appropriate public education in the mainstream school environment ...
As part of its obligation under the McKinney Act to ensure the education of homeless children and youth, the state of New Jersey has developed a series of procedures that are used to determine which school district should educate and transport a homeless student, and which school district should pay for the student's education and transportation.
McKinney Act (1994) mandates that school counselors provide services for children who are homeless.
Originally, surplus base property fell under the McKinney Act. The 1994 base closure law requires the Local Redevelopment Authority that the Department of Defense assigns to handle the redevelopment to take into account the needs of the homeless population.
Finally, strategies in obtaining assistance available to homeless service providers from the federal government in the form of surplus property under Title V of the McKinney Act will also be addressed.
McKinney Homeless Assistance Act ("McKinney Act") (14) and subsequent reauthorizations and expansions.
The McKinney Act defines homeless people as those who have spent more than seven consecutive nights in a shelter, car, abandoned building, public park, nonresidential building, or other nondwelling and gives aid to the homeless in the form of emergency food and shelter, medical and mental health care, permanent and transitional housing, and education and job training.
But many of these children are attending school, thanks to the McKinney Act, which provides federal dollars for transportation to school and other services homeless kids need.