McKinney Act

McKinney Act

The Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act, 42 U.S.C.A. 11301 et seq. (1989 Supp.), was named after the Republican congressman from Connecticut. It authorizes the Housing and Urban Development Department to coordinate the disbursement of unused federal property to community groups interested in providing shelter to homeless persons, especially elderly persons, handicapped persons, families with children, Native Americans, and veterans. The Interagency Council on the Homeless (Pub. L. No. 100-77, 101 Stat. 484, 42 U.S.C.A. 11301 (b) (1) [1989]) distributes information on how to use benefits under the act.

Initially, priority to receive excess properties was given to homeless providers rather than local communities. However, the Base Closure and Community Redevelopment Act of 1994 (Pub. L. No. 103-421, Oct. 25, 1994, 108 Stat. 4346) amended the McKinney Act by eliminating homeless providers' priority. The result is that homeless providers' needs are considered simultaneously in a community's reuse planning.

Funding and support for the McKinney Act has been reduced, especially with the 1996 Welfare reform, because the act functions in connection with other related legislation. In one recent funding cycle, nearly three thousand requests for transitional housing were submitted, but only 818 proposals could be funded under the act.

In 1996, to assist homeless individuals, the 104th Congress appropriated $823 million for the emergency shelter grants program (as authorized under subtitle B of title IV of the McKinney Act), the supportive housing program (as authorized under subtitle C of title IV of the McKinney Act), the section 8 moderate rehabilitation single room occupancy program (as authorized under the United States Housing Act of 1937 [Sept. 1, 1937, ch. 896, 50 Stat. 888], as amended, pursuant to section 441 of the McKinney Act), and the shelter plus care program (as authorized under subtitle F of the title IV of the McKinney Act) (110 Stat 2874).

Further readings

Foscarinis, Maria. 1996. "Downward Spiral: Homelessness and Its Criminalization." Yale Law and Policy Review 14.

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In 2002, Congress directed HUD to work with local communities to establish a system for collecting and reporting homeless data that would better illustrate the scope of homelessness and help to evaluate the effectiveness of HUD McKinney Act programs.
McKinney Act Funds from two senior building refinancings were committed to the $10 million town home development and $30 million senior residence development.
McKinney Act (1994) mandates that school counselors provide services for children who are homeless.
Originally, surplus base property fell under the McKinney Act.
Finally, strategies in obtaining assistance available to homeless service providers from the federal government in the form of surplus property under Title V of the McKinney Act will also be addressed.
The agency also provided $990,000 in McKinney Act Savings Fund Loans to help with the predevelopment efforts of three multifamily developments that will produce 51 housing units for low-income and homeless families.
The McKinney Act defines homeless people as those who have spent more than seven consecutive nights in a shelter, car, abandoned building, public park, nonresidential building, or other nondwelling and gives aid to the homeless in the form of emergency food and shelter, medical and mental health care, permanent and transitional housing, and education and job training.
4 million in HUD Risk Share bonds purchased by Fannie Mae, allocated $1,190,000 in Low Income Tax Credits to the project and provided a predevelopment loan of $175,000 in McKinney Act Funds.
The Proposed Homeless Assistance Grants Program, to assist the homeless and to prevent hopelessness, restructures existing McKinney Act programs creating a comprehensive continuum of care approach to homeless assistance.
50 in HFA's McKinney Act Funds have been loaned to non-profit and small developers since the initial announcement of the funds' availability in 1995.
According to the federal McKinney Act, ``homeless'' includes any individual who lacks a fixed, regular or adequate nighttime residence or whose primary nighttime residence is at a shelter, an institution providing temporary housing or a place not designed for regular sleeping accommodations.
The current confusion about priorities has meant that some cities have devoted years, significant resources, and strong citizen participation in fashioning a reuse plan to benefit the entire community only to learn that the city and its citizens have second priority under the McKinney Act.