Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

MELANCHOLIA, med. jur. A name given by the ancients to a species of partial intellectual mania, now more generally known by the name of monomania. (q.v.) It bore this name because it was supposed to be always attended by dejection of mind and gloomy ideas. Vide Mania.,

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
For him, melancholia was a universal affliction and index of human condition.
Admittedly, being black and lesbian is also to be positioned on the margins of social and cultural recognition with the subsequent psychic cost that it implies; that is, persons who live a life that does not comply with white heteronormative practices are more prone to suffering states of melancholia, pain, depression and shame than others who follow the linear axes of birth, marriage, reproduction and death.
Destruction and death are key themes of The Day After Tomorrow, 2012, and Melancholia. Death plays an important role in Heidegger's philosophy, especially in the concept of being-toward-death.
She covers theorizations of melancholia, trauma studies in the medico-psychiatric field, theorizations of cultural trauma in relation to cultural melancholia, cultural narratives activated by the 9/11 attacks, white middle class melancholia in Jay McInerney's fiction, postmodern melancholia and the fantasy of the tuche in Don DeLillo pre-9/11 novels, and Falling Man's escape into hyper-reality.
Melancholia shares similarities with other films in von Trier's oeuvre, namely its formal innovation and criticism of the bourgeois status quo, and the unsettling lens through which ostensibly civilised characters are scrutinised.
The basic premise of Sanja Bahun's monograph is that there exists a "profound structural link between modernist fiction and the symptomatology of melancholia" (44).
Building upon the English-language work of predecessors, such as Raymond Klibansky, Erwin Panofsky, and especially Fritz Saxl's groundbreaking Saturn and Melancholy (1964), Dixon s discussion includes analyses of the meaning of melancholy, in which she explores melancholia as a concept from antiquity to its evolution into a 'fashionable' disease in the seventeenth century.
Bejel concludes the book with a call for "resisting Cuban melancholia," a process that involves producing and maintaining a critical distance from the Martian visual archive in order to pre-empt the "mystifying reverence [and] hegemonic aura" that it has accrued over so many decades.
From Melancholia to Prozac: A History of Depression.
THE powers-that-be should consider changing the name of the condition "dementia" to "melancholia".