Animal

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ANIMAL, property. A name given to every animated being endowed with the power of voluntary motion. In law, it signifies all animals except those of the him, in species.
     2. Animals are distinguished into such as are domitae, and such as are ferae naturae.
     3. It is laid down, that in tame or domestic animals, such as horse, swine, sheep, poultry, and the like, a man may have an absolute property, because they continue perpetually in his possession and occupation, and will not stray from his house and person unless by accident or fraudulent enticement, in either of which cases the owner does not lose his property. 2 Bl. Com. 390; 2 Mod. 319. 1.
     4. But in animals ferae naturae, a man can have no absolute property; they belong to him only while they continue in his keeping or actual possession; for if at any they regain their natural liberty, his property instantly ceases, unless they have animum revertendi, which is only to be known by their usual habit of returning. 2 Bl. Com. 396; 3 Binn. 546; Bro. Ab. Propertie, 37; Com. Dig. Biens, F; 7 Co. 17 b; 1 Ch. Pr. 87; Inst. 2, 1, 15. See also 3 Caines' Rep. 175; Coop. Justin. 457, 458; 7 Johns. Rep. 16; Bro. Ab. Detinue, 44.
     5. The owner of a mischievous animal, known to him to be so, is responsible, when he permits him to go at large, for the damages he may do. 2 Esp. Cas. 482; 4 Campb. 198; 1 Starkie's Cas. 285; 1 Holt, 617; 2 Str.1264; Lord Raym. 110; B. N. P. 77; 1 B. & A. 620; 2 C. M.& R. 496; 5 C.& P. 1; S. C. 24 E. C. L. R. 187. This principle agrees with the civil law. Domat, Lois Civ. liv. 2, t. 8, s. 2. And any person may justify the killing of such ferocious animals. 9 Johns. 233; 10. Johns. 365; 13 Johns. 312. The owner, of such an animal may be indicted for a common nuisance. 1 Russ. Ch. Cr. Law, 643; Burn's Just., Nuisance, 1.
     6. In Louisiana, the owner of an animal is answerable for the damage he may cause; but if the animal be lost, or has strayed more than a day, he may discharge himself from this responsibility, by abandoning him to the person who has sustained the injury; except where the master turns loose a dangerous or noxious animal; for then he must pay all the harm done, without being allowed to make the abandonment. Civ. Code, art. 2301. See Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t.

References in periodicals archive ?
Pons et al., "Survey of Protozoa and Metazoa populations in wastewater treatment plants by image analysis and discriminant analysis," Environmetrics, vol.
"That earlier group's 2010 paper came out with such a splash, but it may be premature to rewrite the basic biology textbooks on metazoa," Bernhard said.
Fedonkin, "Vendian Faunas and the Early Evolution of Metazoa," in Origin and Early Evolution of the Metazoa, ed.
Asexual reproduction is the most ancient mode of reproduction and is observed in representatives of all phyla of modern Metazoa [1-3].
(2010) The first metazoa living in permanently anoxic conditions.
Among the topics are pending issues in the development and phylogeny of arthropods, from Cnidaria to "higher metazoa" in one step, basal metazoan sensory evolution, vertebrate Hox genes and specializations in mammals, and a food's-eye view of animal transitions.
(2009) found that the Placozoa are at the base of the metazoa, rather than the Porifera or sponges (Figure 1).
Late Precambrian and Early Cambrian Metazoa: preservational or real extinctions?
(1) LINNEO CONSIDERO SOLO DOS REINOS: VEGETABILIA Y ANIMALIA; EN EL SIGLO XIX HAECKEL ESTABLECIO EL REINO PROTISTA PARA ENGLOBAR A TODOS LOS SERES UNICELULARES, Y EL HISTONIA, QUE INCLUIA A LOS SUBREINOS METAFITA--VEGETALES--Y METAZOA --ANIMALES--; YA EN EL SIGLO XX, COPELAND CLASIFICO A LOS SERES VIVOS EN CUATRO REINOS: MONERA, PROTISTA --O PROCTOTISTA--, PLANTAE Y ANIMALIA; POR ULTIMO, EN 1969 WHITTAKER ANADIO EL REINO FUNGI, DE LOS HONGOS.
1901A study ofthe chromosomes ofthe germ cells ofthe Metazoa. Transactions American Philosophical Society 20: 154-236.