passport

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Passport

A document that indicates permission granted by a sovereign to its citizen to travel to foreign countries and return and requests foreign governments to allow that citizen to pass freely and safely.

With respect to International Law, a passport is a license of safe conduct, issued during a war, that authorizes an individual to leave a war-ring nation or to remove his or her effects from that nation to another country; it also authorizes a person to travel from country to country without being subject to arrest or detention because of the war. In maritime law, a passport is a document issued to a neutral vessel by its own government during a war that is carried on the voyage as evidence of the nationality of the vessel and as protection against the vessels of the warring nations. This paper is also labeled a pass, sea-pass, sealetter, or sea-brief. It usually contains the captain's or master's name and residence; the name, property, description, tonnage, and destination of the ship; the nature and quantity of the cargo; and the government under which it sails.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

passport

a document (for UK citizens issued by the Foreign Office) certifying the holder's nationality and citizenship. It suggests allegiance to the Crown, and thus is important in relation to the crime of TREASON.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

PASSPORT, SEA BRIEF, or SEA LETTER, maritime law. A paper containing a permission from the neutral state to the captain or master of a ship or vessel to proceed on the voyage proposed; it usually contains his name and residence; the name, property, description, tonnage and destination of the ship; the nature and quantity of the cargo; the place from whence it comes, and its destination; with such other matters as the practice of the place requires.
     2. This document is indispensably necessary in time of war for the safety of every neutral vessel. Marsh. Ins. B. 1, c. 9, s. 6, p. 406, b.
     3. In most countries of continental Europe passports are given to travellers; these are intended to protect them on their journey from all molestation, while they are obedient to the laws. Passports are also granted by the secretary of state to persons travelling abroad, certifying that they are citizens of the United States. 9 Pet. 692. Vide 1 Kent, Com. 162, 182; Merl. Repert. h.t.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Microsoft Passport already claims to have millions of customers online.
On top of these targeted service sets, the Redmond software giant reiterated its plans for 'megaservices', of which the Microsoft Passport, a single sign-on utility, is the first example.
Multifactor authentication options such as fingerprint and SmartCard reader work in tandem with Microsoft Windows 10 identity protection features, including Windows Hello, Microsoft Passport and Credential Guard for additional protection.
Internet authentication services like Microsoft Passport store personal information, such as credit card numbers and addresses.
Firefly was acquired for its intelligent agent user preference technology, Firefly Passport, and Microsoft has absorbed the technology and engineers into its own Microsoft Passport single sign-on web navigation and electronic commerce project, due out later this year.
Multifactor authentication options, including password protection, an RFID reader, a finger-print reader and a SmartCard reader allow users to take full advantage of Microsoft Windows 10 identity and access control features, including Windows Hello, Microsoft Passport, and Credential Guard.
The companies will combine to produce a Rogers-branded email product built around Microsoft's MSN Hotmail, Microsoft Passport, MSN Search and MSNBC, as well as additional Canadian services.

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